LED Online Seminar 2018 - Working Group 7

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Dear working group members. This is your group page and you will be completing the template gradually as we move through the seminar. Good luck and enjoy your collaboration!

Assignment 1 - Reading and Synthesizing Core Terminology

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Readings are accessible via the resources page

Step 1: Your Landscape Democracy Manifestoes

Step 2: Define your readings

  • Please add your readings selection for the terminology exercise before April 18:

A: Landscape and Democracy

Sanja - The New Urban Agenda Quito Declaration on Sustainable Cities and Human Settlements for All, UN resolution from December 2016

B: Concepts of Participation

Sarah - Day, Christopher: Consensus Design

Sanja - Sanoff, Henry (2014): Multiple Views of Participatory Design, Focus

C: Community and Identity

Sarah - Spirn, Anne: Restoring Mill Creek

Giulia - Nassauer, Joan Iverson (1995): Culture and Changing Landscape Structure, Landscape Ecology, vol. 10 no. 4.

D: Designing

Giulia - Hester, Randolph (2006): Design for Ecological Democracy - Everyday Future, The MIT Press

Sarah - Hester, Randolph: Democratic Drawing - Techniques for Participatory Design

E: Communicating a Vision

Giulia - 'Reading the Landscape' by Simon Bell, EMU Tartu

farzaneh - Olwig, Kenneth R. (1996): "Recovering the Substantive Nature of Landscape" In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 86 (4), pp. 630-653. Cambridge/Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

farzaneh - Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes, In: Topos, No. 88, 2014.

Steps 3 and 4: Concepts Selection and definition

  • Each group member selects three relevant concepts derived from his/her readings and synthesize them/publish them on the wiki by May 9, 2018
  • Group members reflect within their groups and define their chosen concepts into a shared definition to be posted on the wiki by June 6, 2018.
  • Other group members will be able to comment on the definitions until June 12, 2018
  • Each group will also report on their process to come to a set of shared definitions of key landscape democracy concepts on the wiki documentation until June 20, 2018

Concepts and definitions

Author 1: Sanja Budinski

  • CONCEPT 1 (Sanoff, Henry (2014): Multiple Views of Participatory Design) - Participatory design is a force of change in creation of human's environments creating benefits such as citizen empowerment, increasing social capital and promoting a sense of community.
  • CONCEPT 2 (The New Urban Agenda Quito Declaration on Sustainable Cities and Human Settlements for All, UN resolution from December 2016) - Principles of sustainable and inclusive urban prosperity, equity and opportunity for all will ensure successful transformation of our cities in the process of global urbanization.
  • CONCEPT 3 (The New Urban Agenda Quito Declaration on Sustainable Cities and Human Settlements for All, UN resolution from December 2016) - People centered planning needs to go beyond community engagement to empower all individuals and communities in order to end all forms of discrimination.

Author 2: Sarah Jankowski

  • CONCEPT 1: "Socially inclusive process - Consensus vs. democracy": It is the concept about everybody participating at a planning process or desicion. Everybody comes to the same opinion in the end without an arising minority (Day, Christofer: Consensus Design).
  • CONCEPT 2: "Environmental Justice and City Planning and Design": The concept of landscape literacy invites inhabitants of the Mill Creek getting literate (landscape literacy). That means they have to study their history, experience and culture. After that they start to recognize the problems in their environment (Spirn, Anne: Restoring Mill Creek).
  • CONCEPT 3: "Techniques for Participatory Design": The aim is to create places with people by visualizing, communicating and designing by 5 special methods. These are representing the people, exchanging professional knowledge, coauthoring design, empowering people to represent themselves and visualizing deep values (Hester, Randolph: Democratic Drawing).

Author 3: Farzaneh Rezabeigy Sani

  • CONCEPT 1: "Palladian landscape": It is the concept about style of building developed by Andrea Palladio in Italy. his style in the building makes a visionary landscape which holds in our mind. because of geometry, uniformity, and proportion. ( Olwig, Kenneth R. (1996): "Recovering the Substantive Nature of Landscape").
  • CONCEPT 2: "Nature, custom, and landscape": landscape has a strong relation ship with the custom and nature, as in Islamic history of building mosques always have elaborated and expensive sceneries, they always have been placed in the center using a one-point perspective.( Olwig, Kenneth R. (1996): "Recovering the Substantive Nature of Landscape").
  • CONCEPT 3: "Landscape demolishing as a film making process": What we see represented in the film is therefore a form of what the American literary scholar Rob Nixon has called slow violence – a process of delayed environmental destruction that is dispersed across time and space.Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes, In Topos, No. 88, 2014.


Author 5: Giulia Chiussi LANDSCAPE AT HUMAN SCALE

  • AESTHETIC: considering the feedback loop between culture and landscape, the landscape can be changed according to aesthetic qualities that guides human behavior
  • EXPERIENCE: it is essential to know what are people habits and what really inhabitants care about, also carefully inspired by the on-site signs
  • NEEDS: change is possible only after researching and understanding what are the basic needs of the people

Step 5: Reflection

Working on a landscape is not only physical matter but it also changes personal and social behavior. So it’s very important to have a shared view of the future between people who live the landscape in their everyday life. To reach such general consensus designers and experts have to work on the appropriate mood, that would influence the project in a very tangible way. In order to achieve a large understanding of the community, it is necessary to have a bottom-up approach, a socially inclusive process is characterized by participating, studying the environment, visualizing, communicating and designing. Participatory design is a force of change in the creation of human environments creating benefits such as citizen empowerment, increasing social capital and promoting a sense of community. By implementing principles of integrated and sustainable development of landscapes and human settlements, we can help to end poverty, reduce inequalities, promote economic growth, achieve gender equality, improve human health and well being and protect the environment.

Step 6: Revised manifestoes

  • please look again at your initial manifestoes and update them with any new aspects/prespectives you have taken up during this seminar

Assignment 2 - Your Landscape Symbols

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Landscape Symbols Author 1: Sanja Budinski

Landscape Symbols Author 2: Sarah Jankowski

Landscape Symbols Author 3: farzaneh Rezabeigy Sani

Landscape Symbols Author 5: Giulia Chiussi

Assignment 3 - Role Play on Landscape Democracy "movers and shakers"

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Giulia: James Rojas (place-it)

Sarah: Walter Hood

Sanja: Hester Randolph

Farzaneh: Jan Gehl

Assignment 4 - Your Landscape Democracy Challenge

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment
  • Each Landscape Democracy Challenge should be linked to two or three of UN's 17 sustainable development Goals


Landscape Democracy challenge Sanja Budinski

Your references:

Landscape Democracy challenge Sarah

Your references:

Landscape Democracy challenge Farzaneh

Landscape Democracy Challenge Giulia

Your references:

Assignment 5 - Your Democratic Change Process

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • After documenting and reflecting on your challenges you will continue jointly with one of these challenges and design a democratic change process

Your democratic change process

Reflection

  • Our chosen challenge of Freising's center redevelopment showed us how different approaches to the participation in space planning and design can take positive or negative directions in people's attitudes and community's overall mood. Comparing the present real situation and ways stakeholders are dealing with the situation, with the theory findings we learned that participation has to involve much more than only information and that more effort put into meaningful participation can make a huge difference to how the people perceive their surroundings and take ownership of it.

Conclusion:

  • Social component in designing the space has a leading role in successful projects. Encouraging participation in a meaningful way and adjusting it to different groups will bring benefits for all.
  • In order to improve the vitality of a space in economic, social and environmentally friendly way, stewardship can play a leading role in changing towards better places. But in order to get it, users of the place need to come together, to motivate and educate each other.
  • Distribution of power needs to take place in order to achieve best results in the democratic planning of places, but it is even more important to educate people about their rights as well as real values of the place itself.

Your references