LED Online Seminar 2018 - Working Group 13

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Dear working group members. This is your group page and you will be completing the template gradually as we move through the seminar. Good luck and enjoy your collaboration!

Assignment 1 - Reading and Synthesizing Core Terminology

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Readings are accessible via the resources page

Step 1: Your Landscape Democracy Manifestoes

Step 2: Define your readings

  • Please add your readings selection for the terminology exercise before April 18:

A: Landscape and Democracy

  • Burckhardt, Why is Landscape beautiful (Simon Minz)
  • The european landscape convention (2000) (Benoit Zachelin)

B: Concepts of Participation

  • Hester, Randolph (2005): Whose Politics, Landscape Architecture (Andrea Haave Jenssen)
  • Arnstein, Sherry R.(1969): A Ladder of Citizen Participation, JAIP, Vol. 35, No. 4 (Benoit Zachelin)

C: Community and Identity

  • Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes, In: Topos, No. 88, 2014.(Andrea Haave Jenssen)
  • Hester, Randolph (2006): Design for Ecological Democracy, The MIT Press. (Simon Minz)

D: Designing

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2013): Places in the Making: How Placemaking Builds Places and Communities (Andrea Haave Jenssen)
  • Smith, Nicola Dawn(2012): Design Charrette: A Vehicle for Consultation or Collaboration (Simon Minz)

E: Communicating a Vision

  • Friends of the Los Angeles River (FoLAR). Flyer about their activities connected to the river. City walk, environmental education, and other water-related activities could be searched on their websites. (Benoit Zachelin)

A: Landscape and Democracy

  • Lynch, Kevin. (1960): The Image of the City, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. (Louis Chiteri)

B: Concepts of Participation

  • Burckhardt, Lucius (1957): Urban Planning and Democracy in: Fezer/Schmitz (Eds.) Rethinking Man-made Environments (2012). (Louis Chiteri)

Steps 3 and 4: Concepts Selection and definition

  • Each group member selects three relevant concepts derived from his/her readings and synthesize them/publish them on the wiki by May 9, 2018
  • Group members reflect within their groups and define their chosen concepts into a shared definition to be posted on the wiki by June 6, 2018.
  • Other group members will be able to comment on the definitions until June 12, 2018
  • Each group will also report on their process to come to a set of shared definitions of key landscape democracy concepts on the wiki documentation until June 20, 2018

Concepts and definitions

Author 1: Andrea

  • Cinematic landscape (Alexa Weik von Mossner, cinematic landscapes, topos 2014, 88)

In film, landscapes can act as symbols to underline a point, make you think of a place or event, or be used to enhance a feeling or mood through its role as "setting" or "backdrop" for the narrative, and it that way also becomes a part of it.

  • Placemaking (Places in the making, MIT,2013)

The practice concerns the deliberate shaping of an environment to facilitate social interaction and improve a community’s quality of life. Stresses the importance of the process of "making" to empower communities.

  • Political style - as a designer (Randy Hester, whose politics, 2005)

There are different types of designers, the blissfully naïve, the savvy naïve, servants, contextualists & catalysts. As a designer you have a political style wether you belong to the blissfully naive, who design with no concern or understanding of larger impacts and connections, or if you belong to the catalysts, who purposely act and design in order to address bigger issues and prompt change.

Author 2: Benoit

  • Local Self-government (European landscape convention, 2000)

This approach recognizes the possibility to the local people to be organized and protect the landscape. This theme appears in the European convention and develops the local power to protected and improve the landscape.

  • Tokenism (Sherry Arnstein, A ladder of citizen participation, 1969)

This is a ladder of the ladder of the participatory process. It is ladder where the participation start to be real. This ladder is divided in 3 parts Informing, consultation placation. That gather 3 steps and each one evolve in the participatory process.

  • River Community (Friends of the Los Angeles River (FoLAR).)

There are different people in different territories which share a common good, the River. That opens a community life which is organized around the river and them people accept to protect the river this is for the common good. This community organizes the life, they promote, the protection around the river.

Author 3: Simon ...

  • Burckhardt, Lucius, Why is Landscape beautiful: Burckhardt formed the science of strollology (Wanderlust) as a means of perceiving a landscape. The basic idea is ["landscape as a construct"].The perception of a landscape is the observers Idea or what he constructs out of the environment. Its a creative act which is also influenced by a persons educational background."Landscape Exists in the Mind's Eye".
  • Hester, Randolph (2006): Design for Ecological Democracy, The MIT Press.: "Make a City to touch the peoples heart" Landscape as an Ecosystem which is formed and governed by people emphasizing direct involvement. The combination of direct democracy and applied ecology is seen when implemented as a way to overcome the challenges of the life today and represents the best possible life we can achieve.
  • Smith, Nicola Dawn(2012): Design Charrette: A Vehicle for Consultation or Collaboration: 'working in collaboration with others on projects that involve design input' the 'Charette' is a tool wich contains and uses different methods to collaborate with akteurs of a design project. It gives the opportunity of a multiperspective and creative way to approach design tasks. It involves drawing supported by documents and knowledge exchange, guidance by professional Designer who is the key educator and faciliator as well as stakeholders. It is communicated with support of multimedia and very colaborative.

Author 4: ...

  • ......
  • .......
  • .......

Step 5: Reflection

Reflection on our process to come to a set of shared definitions of key landscape democracy concepts:

1.LANGUAGE BARRIERS. Not sharing the same language has been a challenge when it comes to having discussions about concepts and definitions. Some are less comfortable with english, and bad audio and poor computer microphones has further made communication and understanding take more time than we would prefere. Taking time away from what we most would like to focus on. It is also a different task to discuss terminology than it is to have an everyday conversation in a different language, so this has been a challenge, but also a big learning-experience that we are sure will benefit us all in our working lives later on when needing to communicate in english.

2.PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AND CULTURE. Our personal preferances, experiences and culture are a contributing factor to all our discussions. What we think is most important, how something can be applied and how we immedeately respond to different themes and concepts is all coloured by this. It is perhaps in our different responses and reactions that the most interesting interactions take place, being able to listen to why and how other group members argue their point of view, and gaining insight and bigger ability for understanding other also later in the process.

3. COMMON GROUND. We were in many cases met with a revelation that we share more common ground, more of the same experiences, understandings and similarities across different cultures and countries that we had counted on. This was helpful in regard to the task of comming to shared definitions, and some times a source of bonding and creating a group/togetherness feeling within the group.

4. OBJECTIVITY WITHIN THE DEFINITIONS AS A HELPFUL GUIDELINE. Within the concepts there was often a big element of objectivity in how to precieve them, and these were easier to discuss, as it became more about what was most important within the set definition rather than also trying to discuss what the definition itself implies.

5. GETTING TO KNOW EACHOTHER. Once the group became stabile, and the same of us were there each meeting and group task, we began getting to know eachother more. This made it increasingly easier to open up about opinions without being afraid to say something wrong, made us less selfconcious about our english skills, and also made us all feel it was easier to voice our opinions. It also became easier to cummunicate and plan, because we knew more about how this worked best for us a a group

Step 6: Revised manifestoes

  • please look again at your initial manifestoes and update them with any new aspects/prespectives you have taken up during this seminar

Assignment 2 - Your Landscape Symbols

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Landscape Symbols Author 1: Andrea Haave Jenssen

Landscape Symbols Author 2: Benoit Zachelin

Landscape Symbols Author 3: Chiteri Louis Faber

Landscape Symbols Author 4: mozhdeh jalili

Landscape Symbols Author 5: Simon M.

Assignment 3 - Role Play on Landscape Democracy "movers and shakers"

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Assignment 4 - Your Landscape Democracy Challenge

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment
  • Each Landscape Democracy Challenge should be linked to two or three of UN's 17 sustainable development Goals

Landscape Democracy Challenge 1

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Landscape Democracy Challenge 2

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Landscape Democracy Challenge 3

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 4

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Landscape Democracy Challenge 5

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Assignment 5 - Your Democratic Change Process

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • After documenting and reflecting on your challenges you will continue jointly with one of these challenges and design a democratic change process

Your Democratic Change Process


  • Aiming for partnership as the level of community involvement i believe is reasonable as there is an engaged local community, inhabitants and local government that all can benefit from conducting a democratic process and mapping the values of keeping the remaining forest in Hamback instead of turning the area into a mining area for coal. Furthermore looking to Arnsteins(1969) 8 steps on the ladder of participation I feel like starting the introduction to our process by claiming that this process aims to result and be a process of genuine citized power, landing on the level of partnership. After the steps in this process has been done in the community, it is also my intention and hope that the inhabitants and citizens will have been empowered, will have developed a stronger bond between themselves and gained social capital as a result of doing this process the last time, and will be able to re-do this process again at a later time, as participation should be a continuous effort in a community. The first process might reveal new revelations about their sacred places, other values that the community can continue to build upon in the future. Maybe next time they will end even higher up on the ladder of participation, on delegated power or citizen control and the process this time might be on the level of community involvement of self help.
  • ....
  • ....


  • A participatory process takes time, planning, effort, and can benefit from the expertice of both professionals that can help plan the participation and organize activities, and local people that are sitting with invaluable local knowledge. Many times, the process itself and the products that come from it are more important than the outcome of the challenge the process was initiated to solve. Building community, developing shared values, creating a new story that can set the course for future development for the community, map sacred structures and building and bridging social capital are some of these benefits, that in the end might be the most important results and conclusion of a well done participatory democratic change process.
  • ....
  • ....

Your references

  • Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland (BUND - Friends of the Earth Germany)
  • Community forest; Cedric Vermeulen
  • A Ladder of Citizen Participation - Sherry R Arnstein
  • The community planning handbook, Nick Waits
  • Designing for ecological democracy, Randy Hester
  • Whose politics, Randy Hester
  • Marshall Ganz, Storytelling