LED Online Seminar 2018 - Working Group 10

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Dear working group members. This is your group page and you will be completing the template gradually as we move through the seminar. Good luck and enjoy your collaboration!

Assignment 1 - Reading and Synthesizing Core Terminology

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Readings are accessible via the resources page

Step 1: Your Landscape Democracy Manifestoes

Step 2: Define your readings

  • Please add your readings selection for the terminology exercise before April 18:

A: Landscape and Democracy

Kucan, Ana (2007). Constructing Landscape Conceptions. (Aicha Mouisat)

Meinig, D. W. (1979): "The Beholding Eye: Ten Versions of the Same Scene." In: The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes: Geographical Essays, edited by D. W. Meinig and John Brinckerhoff Jackson, 33-48. New York: Oxford University Press. (Bruna Spagnol)

The New Urban Agenda Quito Declaration on Sustainable Cities and Human Settlements for All, UN resolution from December 2016 (Cara Frey)

B: Concepts of Participation

LIFEscape Handbook on Participative Landscape Planning : Sara Yousefi Mashhour

Day, Christopher (2002): Consensus Design (Aicha Mouisat)

C: Community and Identity

Culture and Changing Landscape Structure: Sara Yousefi Mashhour

Hester, Randolph (2006): Design for Ecological Democracy (Aicha Mouisat)

Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes (Cara Frey)

D: Designing

Designing with immigrants : Sara Yousefi Mashhour

Hester, Randolph: Democratic Drawing - Techniques for Participatory Design (Bruna Spagnol)

Hester, Randolph: Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Sustainable Happiness (Luis Aquino)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2013): Places in the Making: How Placemaking Builds Places and Communities (Luis Aquino)

E: Communicating a Vision

Stadtspieler (Cara Frey)

'Reading the Landscape' by Simon Bell, EMU Tartu (Bruna Spagnol)

Council of Europe. 2016. Competences for democratic culture: living together as equals in culturally diverse democratic societies (Luis Aquino)

Steps 3 and 4: Concepts Selection and definition

  • Each group member selects three relevant concepts derived from his/her readings and synthesize them/publish them on the wiki by May 9, 2018
  • Group members reflect within their groups and define their chosen concepts into a shared definition to be posted on the wiki by June 6, 2018.
  • Other group members will be able to comment on the definitions until June 12, 2018
  • Each group will also report on their process to come to a set of shared definitions of key landscape democracy concepts on the wiki documentation until June 20, 2018

Concepts and definitions

Author 1: Luis Aquino

  • Enabling the Form. Caring. It is a powerful value among people and place relation, this guarantee the sustainability of the landscape. We must provide the tools to the citizens to increase the general attention to specific spaces and to raise the awareness of the core values of the zone. Engage the population through active participation and investment of effort upon it. Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Sustainable Happiness. Randolph T Hester, Jr.
  • Resilient the Form. Finding Fish Heads. Fish heads can be old buildings, historical events, trash or abandoned uses; they can be scenic beauty, retired people or everyday real work. Fish heads concept come from the fishery industry that turns up the common understanding that the fish heads were regarded as useless into productive matter. Entrepreneurs began reusing abandoned buildings for surfing-related products and services. Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Sustainable Happiness. Randolph T Hester, Jr.
  • Impelling the Form. Active Responsibility. In order to achieve sustainable cities, it requires active citizen participation, active human nature towards sharing and collaboration in the creation process. We as planners must prosecute users to participate into administrative on-going models, leading appart self-interests and selfish attitudes. Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Sustainable Happiness. Randolph T Hester, Jr.

Author 2: Bruna Spagnol

  • Designs and drawings are mere lines if they don’t have a meaning for the population, so it’s necessary to combine forces between the general public and the designers. Sketching, painting and modelling are some tools used to communicate an idea in a specific and distinctive way, but common sense and nature should be used to provide answers to the community problems. (Hester, R., Democratic Drawing)
  • In order to “read” a landscape, we must understand the process of its formation, the development of the area and all the pressures that worked there. You need to take into consideration its aesthetics, visual and sensorial characteristics along with the geomorphological, but also the perception that community gets from it, which varies from each one. ('Reading the Landscape' by Simon Bell)

Author 3: Sara Yousefi Mashhour

  • Shared Values of Specific Culture

Culture structures landscape and at the same time it is embodied by landscape (a 2 sided relationship).In one hand landscape challenges and ecological framework influence our common way of living over generations and in another hand perception, cognition and evaluation of human beings are based upon the filter which their culture and values provide. Therefore culture and the shared values are shaping our preferences, knowledge and feelings toward landscape which influence our decisions and behaviors toward it and our behaviors and decisions are working within the fundamental ecological framework of the terrain. (Nassauer, Joan. Culture and changing landscape structure)

  • Social Inclusion in Designing Process

All social groups (different genders, ages, social classes, ethnic groups), even the most marginalized and outsider ones in one community (such as immigrants) should be involved in designing process through methods which can create comfortable, trusting and empathetic atmosphere and facilitate communications and self-expressions in order to enriching design visions. (Salgado, Mariana et al. Designing with immigrants)

  • Ladder of Participation

In order to involve locals in designing process there is a range of involvement which begins with informing and continues with introducing, consultation and Dialogue and ends with Participation and Citizen Control as the highest level of involvement. Each of these phases has several methods to follow up based on your budget, time, goals and the target community. (European Convention. LIFEscape Handbook on Participative Landscape Planning)

Author 4: Aicha Mouisat

  • Constructing Landscape Conceptions (Kucan, Ana (2007).

The landscape identity is related to the concept of the nation. Landscapes are created through the reciprocal interaction between the space and the individuals or the society who change the space. This human intervention in the space leads to a social conception of this space which is formed in the process of the social communication (collective identity and historical memory).

  • Design for Ecological Democracy (Hester, Randolph (2006).

Ecological democracy is government by the people through active involvement. To reform our cities we can act as communities and not divide. We need to reform our cities to be ecologically resilient, to empel us by joy rather than compel us by insecurity, fear and force.

  • Consensus Design (Day, Christopher (2002):

Voting is not the best way to get consensus. We can only do this if we can step back from the ideas, opinions and strong feelings most people start with. In design, the ‘whole situation’ includes buildings, the place where they will be and the people who will use them. As a designer we should not ignore the emotion which is very important because when we know how people feel we will understand what they need.

Author 5: Cara Frey

  • The new urban Agenda defined by the United Nations in 2015 in Quito declares to encourage nations to develop sustainable, safe, healthy, inclusive and secure cities. Besides these topics the it should be a city for all people, the „right to city“ is important. Cities should have more participation, social functions, civic engagement, gender equality age- and gender-responsive planning and resilience by 2050 when it is expected that the world population has doubled and most people will live in cities. The New Urban Agenda Quito Declaration on Sustainable Cities and Human Settlements for All, UN resolution from December 2016
  • The crisis of special areas can be pictured in films, by choosing a narrative landscape. This place is often carefully selected or sometimes constructed by set designers, while fiction films have got more freedom in the invention of landscapes then documentaries do. The movie „Beasts of the Southern Wild“ from 2015 is showing the crisis landscape and the process of slow violence in the life of Hushpuppy, who is living in slum conditions and is affected by a flood. This film exposes the racial, gender and economic power dynamics that led to the emergence of the actual crisis landscape in the bayous of Louisiana. Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes
  • Stadtspieler is a strategic board game for 4-6 persons were the players are about to build the city they can imagine by shaping it with plasticine. They are trying out different roles like being an investor, a city planner or a dweller. The game has four phases and ends by asking the question „which building has the most future potential?“ and choosing a winner. Stadtspieler was developed to make players to actors and to change their way of thinking. It is often played on exhibitions or for education with students. Stadtspieler, www.stadtspieler.com

Step 5: Reflection

Step 6: Revised manifestoes

  • please look again at your initial manifestoes and update them with any new aspects/prespectives you have taken up during this seminar

Assignment 2 - Your Landscape Symbols

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Landscape Symbols Author 1: Aicha

Landscape Symbols Author 2: Bruna

Landscape Symbols Auther 3: Sara

Landscape Symbols Author 4: Luis Aquino ...

Landscape Symbols Author 5: Cara

Assignment 3 - Role Play on Landscape Democracy "movers and shakers"

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Assignment 4 - Your Landscape Democracy Challenge

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment
  • Each Landscape Democracy Challenge should be linked to two or three of UN's 17 sustainable development Goals

Landscape Democracy Challenge 1: Aicha Mouisat

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 2: Bruna Spagnol

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 3

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 4 LUIS AQUINO

Your references: https://news.vice.com/article/the-mexican-government-greenlights-the-destruction-of-mangroves http://www.biodiversidad.gob.mx/v_ingles/ecosystems/mangroves/mangroves.html https://zcomm.org/zblogs/mexico-ecocide-of-mangrove-swamps-bringing-catastrophes-ashore/ https://mexiconewsdaily.com/news/mangrove-recovery-some-gains-some-losses/

  • ...

Landscape Democracy Challenge 5: Cara Frey

Your references:

Assignment 5 - Your Democratic Change Process

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • After documenting and reflecting on your challenges you will continue jointly with one of these challenges and design a democratic change process

Your Democratic Change Process


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Your references