Difference between revisions of "LED Online Seminar 2018 - Working Group 1"

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(Landscape Democracy Challenge 3)
(Landscape Democracy Challenge 2)
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=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 2 ===
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 2 ===
<gallery caption="Give a title to your challenge" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="7">
<gallery caption="Tibra Pacific, Sarajevo-'How not to build'" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="7">
Image:yourname_challenge_1.jpg|caption: why did you select this case?
File:Irma challenge 1.jpg|Sarajevo became large construction site where buildings are rising regardless urbanistic plan restrictions and basic human needs for living.Cheaper living spaces with low living standards offered not only affect people living there but generally affect the entire image of the city while contributing to already developed pollution challenges that the city faces. One of the neighborhoods that serves as an amazing example of how not to build is Tibra Pacific residential neighborhood.
Image:yourname_challenge_2.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (1)
File:Irma challenge 2.jpg|According to the city development urbanistic plan each residential neighborhood needs to be plan properly according to the certain regulations respecting different restrictions in the scale of the city and in the scale of smaller residential neighborhood. In this example of Tibra Pacific, investor didn't care about any of the regulations and restrictions, instead, the main goal was to build as much buildings as possible in order to accommodate more people, without planning school, kindergarten, public spaces and parking places for the residents.
Image:yourname_challenge_3.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (2)
File:Irma challenge 3.jpg|Second issue is that the placement of certain buildings endangered their neighbor buildings, so, some buildings don't get sunlight during the day at all and the view from the most of the apartments is oriented towards other people's balconies and windows on very short distance.
Image:yourname_challenge_4.jpg|caption: who are the actors?
File:Irma challenge 4.jpg|Three major actors of this challenge are Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina, City Planning Administration and Private Investors that equally contribute to it; Government of B&H with clearly not defined regulations that would stop extortion of land primarily intended for residence of people into "commercial" purposes, City Planning Administration of Sarajevo for knowingly approving these inhuman projects and not examining them regarding set regulations and restrictions of construction of these kinds of neighborhoods and finally, Private investors that don't respect basic human needs in respect to living spaces.
Image:yourname_challenge_5.jpg|caption: UN's Sustainable Development Goal?
File:Irma challenge 5.png|UN's Sustainable Development Goal 11 states that challenges cities face can be overcome in ways that allow them to continue to thrive and grow, while improving resource use and reducing pollution and poverty.
Image:yourname_challenge_6.jpg|caption: UN's Sustainable Development Goal?
File:Irma challenge 6.png|UN's Sustainable Development Goal 17 is focused on successful sustainable development agenda that requires partnerships between governments, the private sector and civil society built upon principles and values, a shared vision, and shared goals that place people and the planet at the centre.
'''Your references:'''
'''Your references:'''
*UN Sustainable Development Goals "https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/"
*Source.ba Online Magazine "http://www.source.ba/clanak/BiH/386226/Sarajevo-postalo-veliko-gradiliste--Nicu-moderne-zgrade-i-naselja-a-koliko-se-postuju-pravila-gradnje"
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 3 Abhishek Passan ===
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 3 Abhishek Passan ===

Revision as of 20:36, 21 May 2018

--> Back to working group overview

Dear working group members. This is your group page and you will be completing the template gradually as we move through the seminar. Good luck and enjoy your collaboration!

Assignment 1 - Reading and Synthesizing Core Terminology

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Readings are accessible via the resources page

Step 1: Your Landscape Democracy Manifestoes

Step 2: Define your readings

  • Please add your readings selection for the terminology exercise before April 18:

A: Landscape and Democracy

Kucan, Ana (2007). Constructing Landscape Conceptions (Salma Malak Bennasser) 
Burckhardt, Lucius (1979): Why is landscape beautiful? in: Fezer/Schmitz (Eds.) Rethinking Man-made Environments (2012) (Laura Chaverri Flores)
Culture and changing landscape structure.pdf (Abhishek Passan)
Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive  (Rashad Gasimov)
Directive on public access to environmental information (Rashad Gasimov)

B: Concepts of Participation

Day, Christopher (2002): Consensus Design, Architectural Press (Irma Karic)
Sanoff, Henry (2014): Multiple Views of Participatory Design (Salma Malak Bennasser) 
Hester, Randolph (2012): Evaluating Community Design, Landscape Journal (Laura Chaverri Flores)
Arnstein, Sherry R. - A ladder of citizen participation.pdf (Abhishek Passan)
Gaventa, John: The Powerful, the Powerless, and the Experts (Rashad Gasimov)

C: Community and Identity

Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes, In: Topos, No. 88, 2014 (Irma Karic)
Right to the city.pdf (Abhishek Passan)
Woodend, Lorayne (2013): A Study into the Practice of Machizukuri  (Rashad Gasimov)

D: Designing

Smith, Nicola Dawn(2012): Design Charrette: A Vehicle for Consultation or Collaboration (Irma Karic)
Hester, Randolph: Democratic Drawing - Techniques for Participatory Design (Salma Malak Bennasser) 
Hester, Randolph: Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Sustainable Happiness (Laura Chaverri Flores)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2013): Places in the Making: How Placemaking Builds Places and Communities (Rashad Gasimov)

E: Communicating a Vision

Steps 3 and 4: Concepts Selection and definition

  • Each group member selects three relevant concepts derived from his/her readings and synthesize them/publish them on the wiki by May 9, 2018
  • Group members reflect within their groups and define their chosen concepts into a shared definition to be posted on the wiki by June 6, 2018.
  • Other group members will be able to comment on the definitions until June 12, 2018
  • Each group will also report on their process to come to a set of shared definitions of key landscape democracy concepts on the wiki documentation until June 20, 2018

Concepts and definitions

Author 1: Rashad Gasimov

  • Powerful Powerless (Gaventa, John: The Powerful, the Powerless, and the Experts)

With rise of services economy the products are intangible becoming now more valuable. Knowledge is the most precious development that human being reached. Even the limits of the knowledge are not defined yet. That knowledge is distributed as a good/service and has an economical value. This economical value is making knowledge holders more powerful.

  • Public access to environmental data (European Union Law)

Having access to any sort of data in equal rights bringing people together and raising the awareness to the topic. It is a basic right of accessing the information. In this light environmental data becoming more important to raise awareness. So in behalf of public governments are producing the data and it should be shared with the public in easy way that can anyone access this info and use it.

  • Places in the making (Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2013): Places in the Making: How Placemaking Builds Places and Communities )

It is now more and more are questioning the traditional approach of planning as an instrument for neighborhood, city or region. Traditionally giving less importance to the people or users, planning is lacking the design or predictions of inter personal relationships. Thus bringing to revise the planning according to these relationships in every possible sequence. Places in the making is focusing on these relationships and bringing them into the action and planning.

Author 2: Irma Karic

  • Day, Christopher (2002): Consensus Design - When it comes to choosing the proper option for certain design, 'voting' is not the option because some people may agree on it while the rest may not. During the design process the emotions should be included so that common ground between participants can be set. In that sense, even being on the opposite sides of the road, people can find 'a middle' or compromise on which greater majority can agree upon.
  • Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes - A place we live in is not only characterized by its physical features but certain feelings that are evoked in people's minds while being at or seeing certain place. The cinematic landscapes are usually chosen to support the narrative of the story not just by its physical appearance but by the feeling that they may evoke.
  • Smith, Nicola Dawn(2012): Design Charrette: A Vehicle for Consultation or Collaboration - Charrette represents sets of tools that are used in an early stage of design process where main stakeholders are brought together not for consultation but for co-collaboration speeding up the entire design process with interactive brainstorming and decision making.

Author 3: Abhishek Passan

  • Culture and Changing landscape Structure; As depicted by the name it establishes a relationship between the cultural development and landscape ecology. It establishes to have various experiments also extending the scope to work over the human level as well as having multiple disciplines incorporated.
  • Arnstein Ladder of Citizen Partnership gives an introduction over the form of citizen participation when making claims about the power and also evaluates the existing level of power available with the community at varied levels. It just gives a small glimpse for some levels and also establishes the base for the other levels which are not listed.
  • Right to the city, David Harvey; It establishes a relationship between the level of urbanization or the changes in the development process with the concept of changing individuals identity. Both the systems are directly related and also the extent of power plays a crucial factor in deciding the level of development.

Author 4: Laura Chaverri Flores

  • “Landscape is a construct” (Fezer J., Schmitz M. (2012) Lucius Burckhardt Writings): Landscape is to be found in the mind’s eye of those doing the looking; influenced by the educational background and not in a environmental phenomena. Landscape consists of many different layers: the visual layer of colors; a layer comprising the first hints of natural or technological production infrastructures; and a layer in which social aspects and hence, also a temporal dimension can be identified.
  • Transactive design (Hester, Randolph, 2012, Evaluating Community Design) (Friedmann 1973; Sano 2000): Concept that Friedmann developed, that includes mutual learning between designer and users in the workshops and participatory design. The informed exchange is possible when the designer achieve to walk in the shoes of the users and teach the users to walk in the shoes of the designer. Transactive planner/designer play many roles and “has the responsibility to challenge values just as he or she introduces best practices to make innovative ideas reality”(p.139).
  • Resilient Form (Hester, Randolph): For Randolph Hester the design of the sustainable city must be guided by: enabling form, resilient form and impelling form. The Resilient Form can “repair natural systems that have been stressed to the point of dysfunction and create new forms of habitation that respond joyfully to these limits rather than simply being constrained by them” (p.10).

Author 5: Salma Malak Bennasser

  • Landscape identity: It is the concept of the identification to landscapes. It is a social construct, that is changeable and evolving. It is formed on the basis of the physical reality but transformed by the processes of social communication that help construct a social conception of the landscapes using the social system of values. Kucan, Ana (2007)
  • Representative representation: It is the way drawing is used in order to communicate with communities as honestly and realistically as possible instead of using an idealized misleading picture of the future landscape. In participatory work, drawing is used to collectively visualize, communicate and design not to persuade. Hester, Randolph
  • Collective intelligence: It is a concept that groups, through the process of interaction, are able to come up with a more insightful and powerful solution that the sum of individual perspectives. Sanoff, Henry (2014)

Step 5: Reflection

Step 6: Revised manifestoes

  • please look again at your initial manifestoes and update them with any new aspects/prespectives you have taken up during this seminar

Assignment 2 - Your Landscape Symbols

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Landscape Symbols Author 1: Rashad Gasimov

Landscape Symbols Author 2: Irma Karic

Landscape Symbols Auther 3: Abhishek Passan

Landscape Symbols Author 4: Laura Chaverri Flores

Landscape Symbols Author 5: Salma Malak Bennasser

Assignment 3 - Role Play on Landscape Democracy "movers and shakers"

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Irma Karic: Robert Jungk (Zukunftswerkstatt) Laura Chaverri: Jan Gehl

Assignment 4 - Your Landscape Democracy Challenge

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment
  • Each Landscape Democracy Challenge should be linked to two or three of UN's 17 sustainable development Goals

Landscape Democracy Challenge 1

Your references:

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Landscape Democracy Challenge 2

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 3 Abhishek Passan

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 4

Your references:

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Landscape Democracy Challenge 5

Your references:

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Assignment 5 - Your Democratic Change Process

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • After documenting and reflecting on your challenges you will continue jointly with one of these challenges and design a democratic change process

Your Democratic Change Process


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Your references

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