LED Online Seminar 2017 - Working Group 8

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Dear working group members. This is your group page and you will be completing the template gradually as we move through the seminar. Good luck and enjoy your collaboration!

Assignment 1 - Reading and Synthesizing Core Terminology

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Readings are accessible via the resources page

Step 1: Your Landscape Democracy Manifestoes

Step 2: Define your readings

  • Please add your readings selection for the terminology exercise before April 12:

A: Landscape and Democracy - Mapping the Terrain

  • Landscape Democracy Resolution (Nawar)
  • Directive providing for public participation in respect of the drawing up of certain plans and programmes relating to the environment (Xinqi)*
  • The European Landscape Convention (Jorge)

Landscape Concepts:

  • Why is landscape beautiful?(Xinqi)
  • Constructing Landscape Conceptions (Fatma)

B: Concepts of Participation

  • Consensus Design (Jorge)

C: Community and Identity

  • Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscape (Alessandro)
  • Spirn, Anne (2005): Restoring Mill Creek (Alessandro)

D: Designing

  • Designing with Immigrants (Nawar)
  • Places in the Making: How Placemaking Builds Places and Communities (Fatma)

E: Communicating a Vision

  • Online decision making with loomio (Nawar)
  • 'Reading the Landscape' by Simon Bell, EMU Tartu (Jorge)

Steps 3 and 4: Concepts Selection and definition

  • Each group member selects three relevant concepts derived from his/her readings and synthesize them/publish them on the wiki by April 30, 2017
  • Group members reflect within their groups and define their chosen concepts into a shared definition to be posted on the wiki by May 10, 2017.
  • Other group members will be able to comment on the definitions until May 20, 2017

Concepts and definitions

Nawar H.Sabeeleish

  • Concept 1 (Landscape Democracy Resolution {IFLA})
    • IFLA believes that Landscape has to be shaped for the benefit of all.They believe in the need to form a governance system that responds effectively to the Urban Growth. They urged the Council of Europe, the European Union and all IFLA Europe Member States to form an all-encompassing vision with respect to social, political, environmental and that supports cultural policies to enhance the education,and to develop the landscapes with the locals, and to promote financial tools.
  • Concept 2 (Loomio)
    • Loomio is an open source software, built by a worker-owned cooperative social enterprise. It makes groups practicing effective, also inclusive decision-making without a mess of emails or meetings and can change organisational dynamics at a global scale. It has different features from polling, surveys, or social networking.
  • Concept 3 (Designing with Immigrants(2015))
    • Since immigration gives rise to global and local changes, and therefore it is very important to include immigrants in participatory design processes in order to create feelings of reciprocity and empathy to the city where they live, and this can be a key to trans-formative actions capable of producing social change.

Fatma Bekar

  • Concept 1 Landscape Identity (Ana Kucan Constructing Landscape Conceptions)
    • The world we live in, changes easily today. Does the landscape identity continue this trend?
  • Concept 2 Virtous cycle (Places in the making MIT)
    • For better places we have to nourish communities, for better communities we have to make good places.
  • Concept 3 Collective understanding/acting (Places in the making MIT)
    • A collective understanding can be fostered in a community based on a learned lesson and then can be an essential tool for collective action.

Alessandro Plazzi:

  • Concept 1 (Cinematic Landscapes (Weik von Mossner, A.))
    • The cinematic environment provides the space in which the action takes place. They are not only a feature of narrative film, but in real life cinematic landscape means to live in a time of climate change and rising sea levels. Citizens lives a life that is in many ways dictated by their environment.
  • Concept 2 (Cinematic Landscapes (Weik von Mossner))
    • "Slow violence" is a process of delayed environmental destruction that is dispersed across time and space.
  • Concept 3 (Restoring Mill Creek (Whiston Spirn, A.))
    • Planners too often concentrate on narrowly defined problems and fail to see the connections among seemingly related phenomena. Designers tend to focus on physical form and fail to account for the process that will continue to shape their project over time. Planners and designers maps are usually static snapshots of current conditions, narrowly framed.

Jorge Dzib:

  • Concept 1 European landscape convention

The landscape is part of the land, as perceived by people or visitors, which evolves though time as a result of being acted upon by natural and human beings. One of the major motivations of the European Landscape Convention is the definition of “landscape quality objectives”, meaning for a specific landscape, the formulation by competent authorities of the aspirations of the public with the regard to the landscape features of their surroundings.

  • Concept 2 Consensus design by Christopher Day

The definition of consensus is “general agreement, collective opinion”. Consensus design is about everybody getting if not what they wanted what after working together and listening to the whole situation, they have come to want. To get consensus however, two things must happen: we have to give up rigid past positions and move forward with flexibility and we have to transcend our own individual gain outlooks to look at what is best for all.

  • Concept 3 “Reading the landscape” by Simon Bell

An important step before landscape planning or design is to understand the landscape, the process that formed it, and the processes for change. This include more than geographical information. Perception is important and visual and experiential aspects must be included.

Ji Xinqi:

  • Concept 1 Directive providing for public participation in respect of the drawing up of certain plans and programmes relating to the environment

Effective public participation in the taking of decisions enables the public to express, and the decision-maker to take account of, opinions and concerns which may be relevant to those decisions, thereby increasing the accountability and transparency of the decision-making process and contributing to public awareness of environmental issues and support for the decisions taken.

  • Concept 2 Why is landscape beautiful?

To identify a landscape as charming is insofar synonymous with the endeavor to "filter our" whatever we actually do see in the place visited, so as to be able to integrate the outcome in our preconceived, idealized image of the charming place.

  • Concept 3 Why is landscape beautiful?

None of us is able to look at the landscape through anther person's eyes.

Step 5: Reflection

During this seminar, some of us were first time introduced to the broad meaning of Landscape, its expansive importance, and its linkage with democracy. As a group, we have developed key concepts about Landscape democracy which are listed as follows; Landscapes could be urban or rural and the spaces in between. Communities and landscapes affect each other. For strong communities we need to appreciate the landscape identity first. And after that, comes the need for making good places for the communities with the participatory design. Thus through the strong communities, a collective understanding can be enhanced and with the collective understanding a community can act collectively against the challenges. And this emphasizes that Landscape is a platform for democracy and that people are the heart of this platform. These democratic Values play a huge role in landscapes, and these values add new important dimensions to landscape definition; such as the interaction between society and landscapes, participation, and development. Landscape is not about trees and aesthetics; it should be shaped for the benefit of all, involve collaboration, participation and respecting the communities whom landscapes are designed for.We all do believe that we had a valuable seminar during this semester, and we are already empowered and will go back home to contribute to the already existing wider knowledge on landscape with fresh ideas, insights and perspectives that will make better landscapes and improve the existing for all citizens, So we would like to thank you for this astonishing opportunity.

Step 6: Revised manifestoes

  • please look again at your initial manifestoes and update them with any new aspects/prespectives you have taken up during this seminar

Assignment 2 - Your Landscape Symbols

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Nawar H.Sabeeleish's Symbols

Jorge Dzib Landscape Symbols

Landscape Symbols Fatma Bekar

Landscape Symbols Alessandro Plazzi

Landscape Symbols Ji Xinqi

Assignment 3 - Role Play on Landscape Democracy "movers and shakers"

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Assignment 4 - Your Landscape Democracy Challenge

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment

Landscape Democracy Challenge 1: Nawar H.Sabeeleish

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 2

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 3

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 4 Ji Xinqi

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 5 Alessandro Plazzi

Your references:

Assignment 5 - Your Democratic Change Process

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • After documenting and reflecting on your challenges you will continue jointly with one of these challenges and design a democratic change process

Your Democratic Change Process


  • The case study of Ajloun Forest is an example on how governmental institutions do not represent the interests of the population and ecology nor respect it. The project of the Military Academy will bring a huge impact on the shrinking forested areas of Jordan.

It is clear that the ministry of agriculture and the ministry of environment did not fulfill their responsibility in accepting this proposal from JAF (Jordan Armed Force), and they retracted the decision after the locals' protests, and this case has been brought to court with the help of the Royal Society of the Conservation of Nature (RSCN) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

From a global perception this is a waste of budget since the government is investing in this institutions with money paid by the population that does not work. It is believed that the awareness in the landscape importance will grow in the next years. For real solutions we need new frameworks for participation, education and design.

Your references