LED Online Seminar 2017 - Working Group 5

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Dear working group members. This is your group page and you will be completing the template gradually as we move through the seminar. Good luck and enjoy your collaboration!

Assignment 1 - Reading and Synthesizing Core Terminology

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Readings are accessible via the resources page

Step 1: Your Landscape Democracy Manifestoes

Step 2: Define your readings

  • Please add your readings selection for the terminology exercise before April 12:

A: Landscape and Democracy - Mapping the Terrain

  • The European Landscape Convention (Tatiana Nascimento)

Landscape Concepts:

  • Lynch, Kevin. (1960): The Image of the City, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press (Eugenia Valerio)

European Council of Spatial Planners

  • European Charter on Participatory Democracy (under consultation) (Sara Christensen)

B: Concepts of Participation

  • Hester, Randolph (1999): A Refrain with a View (Mohamadreza Youssefi)
  • Gaventa, John: The Powerful, the Powerless, and the Experts (Julian Kurz)

C: Community and Identity

  • Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes (Mohamadreza Youssefi)

D: Designing

  • Salgado, Mariana, et al. (2015): Designing with Immigrants (Eugenia Valerio)

E: Communicating a Vision

  • 'Reading the Landscape' by Simon Bell, EMU Tartu (Tatiana Nasciemento)

Steps 3 and 4: Concepts Selection and definition

  • Each group member selects three relevant concepts derived from his/her readings and synthesize them/publish them on the wiki by April 30, 2017
  • Group members reflect within their groups and define their chosen concepts into a shared definition to be posted on the wiki by May 10, 2017.
  • Other group members will be able to comment on the definitions until May 20, 2017

Concepts and definitions

Mohamadreza Youssefi:

  • Concept 1: Participatory design

A holistic approach in designing by involving all actors/groups in designing process. This approach can be applied on many fields. The final outcomes of this approach are mostly responsive to the needs of communities.

  • Concept 2: Civil disobedience

A type of law refusal in which people avoid any violence and insist to disobey laws peacefully. A concrete example can be Mahatma Gandhi.

  • Concept 3: Advocacy planning

It is a kind of planning method which planners try to include the interests of all groups in societies. The most highlighted feature of this method is including low-income and minority groups with equal consideration in comparison to fluent and majority groups in planning.

Author 2: Sara Christensen

  • Concept 1: Impact on spatial development

The “common ground” on which our life in society is based is the “common land” on which we live and where we exercise our rights under, and with a respect for, democracy: We must promote and protect our European democratic aspiration. That is done by continually revising them over time to reinvigorate them with the democratic ethos within which we shape the future development of our nations and local communities.

  • Concept 2: Culture should be considered as the fourth pillar of sustainability.

No planning action is without cultural implications. Information, training and participation are strong culture-related factors.

  • Concept 3: Involvement of individuals and communities in their definition of their living space.

The importance of true participatory democracy. It is important to include people into the spatial planning process because the decisions that are made will have impact on everyday life for people.

Tatiana:

  • Concept 1: About European Landscape Convention

The European Council try to define goals about protection, planning and management, associated with the population that participate for make benefits for them all.

  • Concept 2: Plannning and Design using LCA
    • The scale that we will use this tool it needs to be more regional or national because for small scales it doesn't work so well.So is important to define some bigger areas to apply some types of tools and drawing methods.


Eugenia Valerio:

  • Concept 1: The question of emotional involvement in design process.

To engage immigrants in partecipatory design research is important to create an atmosphere that inspire conversation. Through the method of "making togheter" (painting, writing, even eating togheter) people involved are facilited to open themselves up and describe their feelings and needs. So the researches perceive, among others things, emotional response from the people involved and even from themselves, and they have to reflect on which and how to use this emotions in a design project.

  • Concept 2: The perception of landmarks.

Landmarks are point of reference external to the observer, with common characteristic of singularity, uniqueness and memorable in the context. A physical object becomes a landmark for its recognizability at many level of physical and spatial reference, but even for symbolic, historical and visual importance. Individuals have different perception and use of landmarks depending on the the familiarity they have with the city and the way they move through the city; they even choose personal landmarks that contribute to create their personal image of the city.

  • Concept 3:Art of urban design and visual education.

The environment we live in should not only be functional but also a resource of beauty ... visual education can help develop a critical and attentive audience that will be able to be spontaneously active in the art of urban design.

Step 5: Reflection

  • Please write, as a group, a 250 words reflection on your discourse and document it here

Civil disobedience is a type of law refusal in which people avoid any violence and insist to disobey laws peacefully. A concrete example can be Mahatma Gandhi. Participatory design is a holistic approach in designing by involving all actors/groups in designing process. This approach can be applied on many fields. The final outcomes of this approach are mostly responsive to the needs of communities. Advocacy planning is a method which planners try to include the interests of all groups in societies. The most highlighted feature of this method is including low-income and minority groups with equal consideration in comparison to fluent and majority groups in planning. Spatial planning policies have a major impact on people’s quality of life and quality of living spaces. They guide and support the choices as to where people live, express their cultural diversity, where business can be established, how public utilities and public services are distributed across the territories and how access to them is ensured. To engage people in participatory design project is important the method of making together, cause people feel closer to each other and in the project too. The perception of the public space is key element and public participation it will be crucial to the public spaces be adapted to the community. The scale is highly valued on it because it allows the user to (not) have access to certain places. Time is the main factor for change and is essential for the development of communities.

Step 6: Revised manifestoes

  • please look again at your initial manifestoes and update them with any new aspects/perspectives you have taken up during this seminar

Assignment 2 - Your Landscape Symbols

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Landscape Symbols - Mohamadreza Youssefi Matak

Landscape Symbols Julian Kurz

Landscape Symbols - Sara Caroline

Landscape Symbols Tatiana

Landscape Symbols Eugenia Valerio

Assignment 3 - Role Play on Landscape Democracy "movers and shakers"

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Eugenia Valerio: Alessandra Orofino

Mohamadreza Youssefi: Samuel Mockbee

Tatiana Nascimento: Monika B. Arzberger

Sara Caroline: Jan Gehl

Assignment 4 - Your Landscape Democracy Challenge

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment

Landscape Democracy Challenge- Mohamadreza Youssefi

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Landscape Democracy Challenge - Tatiana Nascimento

Your references:

  • "ESPAÇO PÚBLICO E CIDADANIA Usos e Manifestações Urbanas"Silva L.,Rio de Janeiro 2009 adapted

Landscape Democracy Challenge - Sara Caroline Christensen

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Landscape Democracy Challenge - Eugenia Valerio

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Assignment 5 - Your Democratic Change Process

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • After documenting and reflecting on your challenges you will continue jointly with one of these challenges and design a democratic change process

Your Democratic Change Process

Reflection

  • Evaluate in the group how far your ideas either built on the theoretical frame that has been introduced to you during this seminar or react to this by filling a potential gap (approx 150 words)

In our case study we have taken a public park in Portugal where we try to describe one or more methods to stop people who vandalize / destroy this park in Portugal. Some of our ideas had been on including people more in the process of designing the parks, and work together to maintain it, and also facilitate activities which will bring people together and use the public space togheter. However, we have also filled a potential gap by extanding our methods to be used in other public spaces as well. We have also discussed the potential in using new technological equipment such as Virtual Riality googles and Building Information Modeling. This equipmet can be helpful to include different people (ages and social status, and people with different disabilities) and take use of their ideas and values in the planning process, but also encurage people to use and take care of public spaces in their local community.

Your references

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  • ....
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