LED Online Seminar 2017 - Working Group 10

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Dear working group members. This is your group page and you will be completing the template gradually as we move through the seminar. Good luck and enjoy your collaboration!

Assignment 1 - Reading and Synthesizing Core Terminology

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Readings are accessible via the resources page

Step 1: Your Landscape Democracy Manifestoes

Step 2: Define your readings

  • Please add your readings selection for the terminology exercise before April 12:

A: Landscape and Democracy - Mapping the Terrain

  • Landscape Democracy Resolution (Angelo.l)
  • Resolution Landscape Democracy

Landscape Concepts:

  • Burckhardt, Lucius (1979): Why is landscape beautiful? in: Fezer/Schmitz (Eds.) Rethinking Man-made Environments (2012) (Mulla Fouad)
  • Accompanying lecture reading: Bruns/Bartolomei, 2016 'Concepts of Landscape' (Fouad)

B: Concepts of Participation

  • Day, Christopher (2002): Consensus Design, Architectural Press (Maliheh)
  • Burckhardt, Lucius (1957): Urban Planning and Democracy in Landcsape

C: Community and Identity

  • Yinglan Reading - Hester, Randolph (2006): Design for Ecological Democracy, The MIT Press

D: Designing

  • Pritzker Prize winning architect Alejandro Aravena on sustainable design and community involvement in Chile (Angelo.l)
  • Vall, N. (2013): Social engineering and participation in Anglo-Swedish housing 1945–1976: Ralph Erskine's vernacular plan, Planning Perspectives, 28(2), 223-245 (Mulla Fouad)

E: Communicating a Vision

  • Niels De Couvreur => 'Reading the Landscape' by Simon Bell, EMU Tartu
  • Storytelling example from the Scottish Islands, Stromness: Urban Design Framework

Steps 3 and 4: Concepts Selection and definition

  • Each group member selects three relevant concepts derived from his/her readings and synthesize them/publish them on the wiki by April 30, 2017
  • Group members reflect within their groups and define their chosen concepts into a shared definition to be posted on the wiki by May 10, 2017.
  • Other group members will be able to comment on the definitions until May 20, 2017

Concepts and definitions

Angelo.l :

  • Landscape democracy
    • Landscape democracy is represented by all citizens are meant to partecipate equally
  • Participatory design
    • Include the community in the design, in the way of find the solution through the participatory design process for identify with precision the problems
  • The force of life into heart of architecture
    • Any type of construction, the use of common sense and the power of nature, through the design power synthesis, must be translated into form through the force of life


  • Landscape Concepts
    • The rule of Ruins in landscape patterns and atmosphere
  • Landscape Design Concepts
    • Value that people can give to areas in their surroundings- Valiable placies
  • Participatory design
    • Social engineering and participation in Anglo-Swedish housing 1945–1976: Ralph Erskine's vernacular plan, Planning Perspectives.(2013)

Niels De Couvreur: => Communicating a Vision

  • Dissecting the landscape to individual layers and combining these; makes it possible to define the landscape characteristics.
    • The landscape is a very complex matter to understand and making a basic classification makes it understandable.
  • The human influence on the landscape is the last in the hierarchy of the landscape.
    • We as human beings are the last part of a much bigger story, however we see our position at the top. We need to find our correct place when we are at a decision-making position toward the landscape.
  • Landscape sketches as a basic tool
    • The landscape is one of the most complex matters and has connections to various parts of the society. To make this complex matter understandable for all parts of society is crucial to make it accessible for everybody.

Yinglan Liang:

  • Ecological Democracy -

the destruction of ecology is the process of recycling,such as now human beings are destroying the environment and the problems of the environment will affect the lives of the next generation .

  • Design of city and landscape together -

changes in the living environment must follow three basic feature .

Maliheh Shahghadami:

  • Censuses design -

The open environment is a common property of all people, the traditional structure is inadequate and public have possibility participate in design and planning. Making participatory environmental decisions will lead to more effect of environment perception and results to live in a healthy environment.

  • .......

Step 5: Reflection

By working on the topic “building landscapes”, we got in touch with a lot of different methods that can be used during landscape planning or the decision making process. This process is in most cases not done in an inclusive way in the current society. The decision-making happens to often in a top down structure, which is not responding to the needs of the people who are living in the landscape. For example the city center reconstruction project with large-scale redevelopment and non-participatory plan to a stockholder sharing, where the property owners are not even included in the decisionmaking

This leads to landscapes where people don’t recognize their own in and this leads to a lost of connection toward the landscape. Moreoften the people are facing strong disadvantages in their own living environment, such as air-, water-, soil pollution, The value of the landscape to the locals disappears what is showing in a disrespect way of treating the landscape. And this landscape is created by these people their actions and perception. To include them in the decision-making by participation with government is key to preserve current qualities but also strengthen them. This will lead to inclusive landscapes where the people feel accepted and where they are aware of the value of the landscape. This awareness leads to a more respectful way of dealing with the landscape. For example the Teleki Square.

Landscape is formed by the interaction between nature and a diversity of people, who all have their own needs. Participation and stronger connections between these people and policy makers is unavoidable in design processes with a focus on a quality landscape as end result.

Step 6: Revised manifestoes

  • please look again at your initial manifestoes and update them with any new aspects/prespectives you have taken up during this seminar

Assignment 2 - Your Landscape Symbols

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Landscape Symbols Angelo.l

Landscape Symbols of Fouad Mulla

Landscape Symbols of Yinglan

Landscape Symbols Niels De Couvreur

Landscape Symbols Maliheh Shhaghadami

Assignment 4 - Your Landscape Democracy Challenge

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment

Landscape Democracy Niels De Couvreur

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Mulla Fouad

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge -Yinglan

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge - Angelo.l

Landscape Democracy Challenge - Maliheh

Assignment 5 - Your Democratic Change Process

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • After documenting and reflecting on your challenges you will continue jointly with one of these challenges and design a democratic change process

Your Democratic Change Process


Our project-Redfactory is located in Guangzhou,China and it is in the center of the city.Now this area was empty.Because in there all factory was moved out.At before this area can bring a lot of benefits to the local,like High employment rate,Immigration,Economic welfare,but this area become very dirty.Now this area was lack of management and most people like put some contraction waste in here.This factory surrounded by residential area .So this place will influence people Living . With our approach on this case study, the focus was laying on shifting the power influence from a Top to Bottom system to a Bottom-up system. By this we want to create a participation that happens equally. However here we still have an unresolved aspect, concerning the control to know if the participation is indeed happening equally.By using methods such as “Feeling mapping”, we try to uncover the communities needs.Knowing the needs of people by listening and including the community during the design process, creates the possibility to find a sustainable solution for the terrain.By this re-use of the terrain we prevent that the Industrial heritage Guangzhou is lost and the local living conditions are improved.

Your references