LED2LEAP 2021 - Nürtingen Team 4
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|Author(s)||Arash, Ekbal, Mohadese, Samira, Yuga|
Landscape Democracy Rationale
Overcoming the flooding is One of the biggest challenges of the Neckar River, especially one of its tributaries, Tiefenbach. Due to urban development and other factors, many parts of the river have changed and are out of their original form. This region has many cultural and social potentials that can be developed in the desired direction by planning. Our main goal is participatory design using democracy .
Location and Scope
The study area of the project is located in the north of Nürtingen, Germany. Our focus is on the Tiefenbach River side near the city center. The project borders Bismarck Strasse from the north, the Neckar River from the west, Neckarsteige from the south, and Kanaistrasse from the east.
Phase A: Mapping Your Community
Welcome to Your Community and Their Landscape
Most of the buildings in this area are residential houses. There are also a number of special characters, including several schools, HFWU University, a church, several public buildings, an industrial building, and a central train station. There are some democracy challenges such as Private property of Groups, Interference in the interests of each group, Interference in the profits of each group. Also there are some landscape challenges in this area such as, Low Biodiversity, No Natural river side, No Access to the River, Risk of Flood. We can consider the risk of flood as the most important issue in this area.
Groups of Actors and Stakeholders in Your Community
There are three main groups in our range, including social group, local stakeholder and External stakeholder, which includes subgroups. For example, social subgroups are: Children, Teenagers, Young Adults, Middle-Aged Adults, old Adults. Also for all these subgroups, disabled people are considered. Local stakeholder subgroups are divided into several categories based on the type of characters, for example students, teachers, sellers, costumers, employees, tourist,... . Finally, the external stakeholder subgroups are Road traffic authority & enforcement service, Climate protection manager, City Planning Office, Building Management GW, citizen office, Business promotion, Environmental officer, Local council and Civil protection. Regarding the visibility of these groups, it can be said that the following groups are more visible: Students, Employed, Retirements, Customers, Local people, Parents and so on . Also, it is not possible to decide with certainty which External stakeholder are visible or invisible. Because of Corona situation we did not able to be present in the area. In this project, we divided the needs into two categories: specific needs of each group and common needs of all groups. for example one of the specific needs of parents, children and students is a recreational area near the river. The common needs of all groups in the study area around the Tiefenbach River are: Biodiversity conservation, River at ground level with a good view, Accessibility to the River, Natural river side, Air and water Quality and Flood safety. And finally an aspiration was created, derived from common needs: Ideal beach location next to Tiefenbach!
Relationships Between Your Actors and Groups
In this study, the relationship between groups is divided into three categories, strong, weak and moderate. For example, there is a strong connection between some groups, such as students and parents. Others, such as retirements and locals, have a moderate relationship with each other, and for poor communication, we can refer to the relationship between tourists and locals. The intensity and weakness of the relationship between the groups are shown in the graph in detail.
Summary of Your Learnings from the Transnational Discussion Panel
Learning from different idea from different student around the world and seeing their experience and visions was a great achievement for our group. And also it opens our perspective when we see other examples and challenges .
We found out that Democracy can do these things to improve the landscape
- Awareness of people against the concept and improvement of Landscape
- Clarification of differences in taste and culture in different groups
- Fair and equal participation of all segments of the people in improving the landscape
- Outline the main challenges of the environment and the development of Landscape
- Self-supporting local people financially and non-financially
- Direct or even indirect citizen participation to improve the landscape
What was difficult? For external stakeholders It was difficult to diagnose the power of their relationships because of THE PANDEMIC SITUATION. For all groups It was difficult to diagnose the exact shared interests between groups. What went well? Categorizing the groups and Identifying needs of social group and local stakeholders What did Surprised? The Needs of the groups were exactly same as the hypothesis of local landscape challenge.
Kühne, Olaf (2015): Landscape Concepts
Council of Europe (2000):The European Landscape Convention
Phase B: Democratic Landscape Analysis and Assessment
Yuga Tanaka, Arash Najafi and Kinga Fürtön Correspondence
Md Ekbal Hossain and Ezgi Aydin Correspondence
Mohadese Bagheri and Medya Atis Correspondence
Samira Shirzad and Bianca Mengozzi Correspondence
Phase C: Collaborative Visioning and Goal Setting
The Scene in Your Story of Visioning
Our focus area is the lower Tiefenbach river, the area river has transformed into a culvert. With spatial analysis and mapping community, we found the landscape challenge as lower Tiefenbach faces in flood risk and no accessibilities to the river. Zooming in the area, there are schools and kindergartens and the red square is a redevelopment area. Therefore, we will gather the voices and ideas from citizens around the city center, students and kids.
The Actors in Your Story of Visioning
There are four main groups that we considered during the participation as well as local and external which occurs subgroups of our community. In this process, because of the Covid-19 virus, we couldn't ask stakeholders in person so that we created representative characters. Therefore, our story is based on some character that occurs from stakeholders such as a cyclist, bus traveler, student, and also kid because of the education area that located in the surrounding area. This process will be based on considering the wishes of stakeholders and guess their expectations and also adapting them to our ideas. In this process, we consider significant problems of stakeholders that are important for our goals shaping. There are several methods that we want to use for evaluating the process. The first one is preparing a 3d model of our project and share that on some social platforms such as Facebook for getting feedback from stakeholders. Moreover, the second method is making a poster for children and students for figuring out their idea by asking them to paint on it.
We planned the design process for the first 3 years with our actors. Year first is to aware of the people the challenges and collecting ideas and needs from the community. On the basis of these steps, we will proceed next step for the design process. With ideas mapping, we take the actor’s idea into the specific design. More narrow down the design process, we can exchange our design ideas with community members. After the design process, we will go further with the feedback process. To coordinate with feedback from the community we can review the design and redevelop for more robust ideas. In addition, involving external stakeholders will make possible sustainable development. Our steps for involving the community will be first, Visualizing the actual Tiefenbach for making people aware of the current situation The second step will be involving community members in the design process for collecting the photos and ideas from local people with online tools, Instagram, post their idea The specific method ideas for visualizing the actual Tiefenbach will be drawing actual river shapes on the blank maps. These offer us collecting various patterns of river shape the community imagined. The next methodology will be collecting the photos and ideas from local people with photo sharing and gathering ideas with postcards. These ideas help us to know deeply the situation and design with the community.
The Story of Visioning
Firstly we started with the vision and mission part that is the main part of our goals. Then we consider the participation process and which is based on the interaction, empathy, and balance of stakeholder's ideas that are quite important. Afterward, we combined all obtain information with the needs and problems of the local community. Finally, we made some fundamental ideas of design in order to improve the life quality of the area. In this case, we divided our objectives into 4 parts as a designer, stakeholders, the interaction between them, and also the impacts of our ideas on them. The most significant issue here is that we consider the duties of all these different parts that were supportive of formulating goals and integrate them together.
Challenges The most significant challenge is the issue of access to the real stakeholders because of the current situation, which makes it difficult for us to understand stakeholder's wishes since most of the people live much more isolated.
Goals Our main goal is to consider all stakeholder's ideas by using democratic principles. Accordingly, we focus on the process that considers the adoption of climate change and reduces urbanization effects by improving nature-based solutions for protection against flood risk. Moreover, bring people close to the river with making more attractive reaction facilities is another significant target for us. To achieve these goals we determined some design principles such as improving the liveability of the area, increasing social interaction, increasing accessibility to the river, and identifying an identity to the area.
Reflect on Your Story of Visioning
This process helps us to figure out an intelligent planning process by using spatial, cultural, and social potentials of the area and integrate them on stakeholder's wishes. Furthermore, fair and equal participation of all stakeholders will be beneficial for understanding patterns as well as the character of the area in terms of integrating necessary components. As a result, obtained from participation, it is possible to measure the effectiveness of the responses for protecting the area against flood and also improve the livability of public spaces.
Phase D: Collaborative Design, Transformation and Planning
Your Prototyping Action
We held the prototyping with Nuertingen Team members on 27 Jun 2021. We used the opportunity Neckar Barkon where summer balcony along the Neckar river.
The Evolution of Your Prototyping Action
Bforehand the event, we did roleplay with students who are not in Nuertingen. We practiced explaining the landscape challenges who really don't know the site. This helped us for improving our communication at the workshop.
In addition, during the prototyping community people gave us the advice about layout of map for more better way. Creating Facebook Group offer more opportunities spreading out our design and participatory design idea especially during COVID-19 situation. Cooperating with other teams enhancing our ideas rapidly.
The Plan Behind Your Prototyping Action
During the current situation, the number of students who are on the site is very low so that we used the opportunities for Nürtinger Stadtbalkon., people enjoyed the riverside with balcony. The plan was to have historical maps and maps of the rivers that each team was targeting so that people would be aware of the changes in the rivers. To make it easier for community members to participate, we provided design idas with pins and a five-step evaluation sheet.
The Realization of Your Prototyping Action
By providing postcards, we were able to break down the language barrier and gather specific ideas and needs. We were able to learn about landscapes and favorite spots that we didn't know existed. A few people were hesitant to write their ideas on the board, but simple board collaborations such as pins and 5-point ratings allowed for more interaction.
Reflect on Your Prototyping Action
Interacting with people in the community allowed me to visualize a concrete design. Although we did not announce the participatory design beforehand, it was a discovery that people passing by actively participated in the project, and it can be said that the community members are aware of the need to improve the city. Since many discoveries were made through participatory design with some local residents, we think it is worth repeating this process and experimenting with interaction with external stakeholders.
Phase E: Collaborative Evaluation and Future Agendas
Collaborative Evaluation and Landscape Democracy Reflection
- This interdisciplinary planning approach addresses different issues of creating effective green spaces that focus on optimize participation by integrating designers and stakeholders. In this case, multifunctionality and connectivity are the two most highlighted principles of this process that should be considered in order to enhance the social structure. Therefore, the main concern of this study was to concentrate on the effective interconnection between designers and the community. Consequently, this research aims to develop an approach model for spatial design concerning efficient participation.
The Actors in your Collaborative Evaluation
- There are four main groups that we considered during the participation as well as local and external which occurs subgroups of our community. Therefore, our story is based on some character that occurs from stakeholders such as a cyclist, bus traveler, student, and also kid because of the education area that located in the surrounding area. This process will be based on considering the wishes of stakeholders and guess their expectations and also adapting them to our ideas. In this process, we consider significant problems of stakeholders that are important for our goals shaping.
Reflection on the Online Seminar
- Empathy is created by perceiving the character of the neighborhood, the life dynamics of the social structure, and also discussing the expectations of the stakeholders. So, design solutions are developed with the planning and design principles adopted by participation. Accordingly, this course helped us to understand the main pattern of the surrounding area of Tiefenbach for improving an approach model by overviewing the potentials and downsides in terms of considering the stakeholder's wishes. Therefore, The results of this research will demonstrate the significance of the connection between designers and the community that is quite crucial to the future of cities and also determine urban design principles that should be considered while creating a connection among them.
Reflection on the Living Lab Process
- This process helps us to figure out an intelligent planning process by using spatial, cultural, and social potentials of the area and integrate them on stakeholder's wishes.
Furthermore, fair and equal participation of all stakeholders will be beneficial for understanding patterns as well as the character of the area in terms of integrating necessary components.
As a result, obtained from the participation, it is possible to measure the effectiveness of the responses for protecting the area against flood and also improve the livability of public spaces.
Your Living Lab Code of Conduct
Promoting ımportant functions by overviewing current needs and also obtaining marginal values are our main principles as a code.
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