LED2LEAP 2021 - Nürtingen Team 2
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|Area||City Center and Neckar Bridge|
|Topics||Revitalization and bringing the river back to people|
|Author(s)||Yara Karazi, Sara dos Santos Figueiredo, Mahasta Mahfouzi, Rabija Hadzimehmedovic, Israt Jahan Nishat|
- 1 Landscape Democracy Rationale
- 2 Location and Scope
- 3 Phase A: Mapping Your Community
- 4 Phase B: Democratic Landscape Analysis and Assessment
- 5 Phase C: Collaborative Visioning and Goal Setting
- 6 Phase D: Collaborative Design, Transformation and Planning
- 7 Phase E: Collaborative Evaluation and Future Agendas
Landscape Democracy Rationale
- The old city center of Nürtingen is located on a hill that overlooks the Neckar and Steinach river. This part is the core of the Nürtingen city and the rest of the city was created around it. As the old city of Nürtingen provides different buildings with a variety of functions and services, especially for cultural and recreational purposes, it attracts so many people of different ages and with different interests. But as any landscape, it also has some democracy challenges that could be adressed in the near future.
- The urban tissue of the historical part of the Nürtingen in the east works in a direct contrast with the Neckar region on the west so it is important to establish the connection of naturality and revitalize whole region.
Location and Scope
Phase A: Mapping Your Community
Welcome to Your Community and Their Landscape
- Spatial characteristics
Historical context, Significant buildings, Tourist attractions, Adjacent to the Neckar river and containing a wide View to it. View and adjacent to the Steinach river, containing suitable pedestrian and bicycle paths
- Socio-economic characteristics
Historical background of this area, People gathering center, Existence of numerous educational centers, There are various shops, restaurants and cafes, There are different health centers, Existence of cultural centers.
- Known issues
Lack of open spaces, Lack of access to the water bodies, Lack of public interaction, Lack of suitable connections between nature and historical area, Not enough facilities for children.
Groups of Actors and Stakeholders in Your Community
- Nürtingen has a variety of actors and stakeholders. There are the actual residents, which are families, students, children, workers, youth, and senior citizens. On the other hand there are tourists, refugees, and international students. All these groups are the main actors and stakeholders in Nürtingen.
- The needs and aspirations of the actors and stakeholders in Nürtingen are quiet similar. They almost all involve having more open green spaces, safe playgrounds of children, suitable bicycle tracks and pedestrian walks for users to use safely and efficiently, activities and event spaces, more parking spots ... etc.
Relationships Between Your Actors and Groups
- While going through the city center of Nürtingen and proceeding over the Neckar bridge, the main stakeholders that you can find are: families and children, students (both domestic and international), tourists, senior citizents, city administration (as the urban part of the city is close to the Neckar river. There is also a tributary Steinach going from the Neckar river where mainly families with their children come and children play. Along side of the Neckar river there is a path that is not perfect, but yet a lot of joggers, cyclists and overall strolling people appear. One of the potential problems could be that there is no division between this group, in which case they disrupt each other. But as for the power, they all correspond to one another and communicate with each other well. But the higher in power is the city administration.
- All of the stakeholders have the same interest, which is interesting because they are all different and yet they all work together. They all are highly impacted by the democracy challenges. But the highest power has the city administration which can work according to other citizens needs.
Summary of Your Learnings from the Transnational Discussion Panel
- Participating in discussions with students from various universities and nations was really beneficial to us in terms of gaining a deeper awareness of diverse perspectives and aspirations, as well as communities around the world. Graphic representations of others have taught us a lot and thus they can help us enhance our project in the future.
- From the resources available from phase A we found some interesting theories that made sense in the context of our chosen Landscape. Them being a)“The right to Landscape” as a way of addressing Human Rights and the well being of the community and b) taking the “socially constructed landscape concept as a starting point”. It gave us a moment of disorientation which made us think about the topics that where missing. We enjoyed to hear about the correlation between landscape, democracy and the local communities and, since we are in a landscape architecture design context, it gives us a new perspective about the planning and the social responsibility that we have as professionals and students.
a) The concept explains in detail the role of landscape in working towards justice and addressing Human Rights and the well being of the community and “integrate the spiritual and cultural values of land and local communities into landscape and nature conservation and socio-economic needs into sustainable development and as the product of people – environment co-evolution, landscape is at once “a tangible product” of the act of humans’ shaping their surroundings and “intangible process”, making sense of the world through shared meanings and values.(3)
b) By explaining how can inclusiveness be achieve in planning and how people give value to their surroundings. In this case trans-cultural communities can achieve it as result from premeditated and deliberate intervention that follow people. By looking through the communities' necessities we can include all people no matter their religion, ethnicity or social context.(4) ) In conclusion, by expanding our concept of human rights in this context of landscape as the process of merging of physical and psychological necessities we offer a new framework for addressing this subject. This can, consequently, generate alternative scenarios for conflict-reduced ideas to landscape use and community wellbeing.
3. The Right to Landscape: An Introduction Shelley Egoz, Jala Makhzoumi and Gloria Pungetti
Phase B: Democratic Landscape Analysis and Assessment
Rabija Hadžimehmedović and Adelina Belinska Correspondence
Mahasta Mahfouzi and Yakup Kadir Can Keleş Correspondence
Israt Jahan Nishat and Lovro Kolarić Correspondence
Sara Santos and Tina Radić Correspondence
Yara Karazi and Lara Spajić Correspondence
Phase C: Collaborative Visioning and Goal Setting
The Scene in Your Story of Visioning
- The Story starts in the city center of Nürtingen, full of potential not taken care of... On one hand we have social inclusion, rich historical context which is adjacent to the Neckar river and containing a wide view to the Neckar... but we also have lack of suitable accessibility to green and blue infrastructure, lack of landscape identity and, of course, wasteland.. Is there a solution to such problem?
The Actors in Your Story of Visioning
- Actors of Nürtingen come from various backgrounds and different cultural aspects. Meet them!
The Story of Visioning
- Goal-setting: What if we connected the two parts into one whole? Best of both historical and natural worlds?
Our main goal is to create a new landscape identity that can connect the history of Nurtingen and the people that live there. They are the voices we need to hear and for that we understand that we need to create new open spaces that can help connect the community and nature by increasing the neighbourhood park or common areas, where, often, they a magnet for nature and for communities to start speaking with each other. Whether it’s a quick stroll around the water edge, or quiet time reflecting from the park bench. This will increase awareness about the city itself and reduce the gap between different social group that consequently will lead to a better social inclusion.
- Vision: The community interaction is really important in this phase.. What do they want?
We came to the conclusion after speaking with various people that they would like to feel not only safe in their environment, but also participated in the activities of their community. The photographic activation in several important areas in the city centre was one of the actions we had in mind. These would bring the community together to examine historical images of the ancient town reflecting on the past and those who shaped it. They'd be discussing their heritage, history, and possibly their personal vision for Nurtingen's future. Another area of community interaction would be the redesign of the cycle paths that run alongside the River Neckar. Because the river is such an important part of the city's identity, we'd like to give it a new look that would make people feel safer walking along the river and cycling with their families and friends, with resting areas and nature contemplation hotspots.
Reflect on Your Story of Visioning
We would like to reflect on some crucial aspects of the goal setting and visioning process we found out throughout our study and exercise.
- First of all, it is important all the actors and the presence of different knowledge bases in the community are considered in the process. Goals should have the flexibility to be adjusted and adapted with time when necessary. As goal setting isn’t a linear process, continuous evaluation needs to be performed from time to time.
- All the goals collectively lead to complete a vision.
- A good Vision should be a simple creative image, which everyone can understand and evokes emotion in people’s minds. It should be realistic, not superficial, and consider the socio-political context.
- Finally, All the goals need to be narrowed down to create a vision thus resulting from smart goals to smart vision. Which means they should be specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and time-based.
We have thought about community activation in a simpler way. When approaching a community, we have to keep in mind that they belong from different backgrounds & social levels. As this poster is not complex and anyone can understand, it can be one of our way to connect with the community as a next step.
Phase D: Collaborative Design, Transformation and Planning
Your Prototyping Action
From Phase C onwards, we began to realize our idea and create intervention prototypes. The idea was to develop postcards that were written in a very simple language and could be read by anyone in the neighbourhood. They could leave comments on our social media platforms or in-person with the postcards on site. We also had a big map with some interventions for people to examine them and tell us how would they change that place for the better.
- We intended to give the locals a tool to visualize their views regarding some problematic images and the district's identity, hence the intervention stands for collecting different perspectives and Feedbacks. It's also a good way to connect with those who are affected by the Corona crisis, as well as to promote resident-to-resident communication.
- The intervention is linked to the community's common goals and visions. They can use the postcards to visualize their wishes and objectives by colouring or writing on them. We examine the outcomes in order to establish community visions.
The Evolution of Your Prototyping Action
- Who was collaborating?
In collaboration with our university supervisors, we as Nürtingen Team 2 and the initiators of this project.
- Collaborative methods
Our collaboration approaches were put to the test with a variety of people and the supervisors' feedback.
Step 1: the collaborative process was to make the initial postcards and maps.
Step 2: We showed the first prototypes to supervisors and colleagues and then let them try them out.
Step 3 was to include comments to improve the postcard design.
The Plan Behind Your Prototyping Action
- We had 2 weeks to work on the prototyping action. Our first criteria was to make something really simple so that it is legible for our actors.
- We came up with the design of a postcard and created a Facebook group to receive feedback. We also prepared an evaluation map where participators can comment and make assessment of their preferred locations.
- On the first week we had the chance to test these prototypes in a role play interaction with the participants of the seminar.
- With the results and findings from the role-playing, we got the chance to actually use these prototypes with the community in the 2nd week.
The Realization of Your Prototyping Action
- The whole process of prototyping with the community was well organized and the following photos show the engagement of the community in the venue. People were enthusiastic to share their comments and insights with us. The whole scenario could have been on a much bigger scale with more community engagement and festive atmosphere if we did not had the limitation due to the Covid situation.
Reflect on Your Prototyping Action
- To strengthen the dialogue amongst residents, we need to provide inputs to criticize current situations and bring attention to issues so that they can freely and anonymously speak about their wishes. We gain a sense of the ´visitors´ visions so that we may include them into the design.
- One outcome could be that the action's framework becomes clearer, making it easier for residents to express their ideas.
- The amount of feedback received is one measure of success, while the fact of receiving feedback and making it easy for them to participate in the corona issue is another.
- As citizens, neighbors, students, and planners, we've learned that a more personal approach, such as this one, is the best way to ensure that we can engage with the Nurtingen community and understand their needs and expectations. In this manner, we can ensure that the design is thoughtful of the community.
Phase E: Collaborative Evaluation and Future Agendas
Collaborative Evaluation and Landscape Democracy Reflection
- Our selected area is Nürtingen city center which is located on a hill that overlooks the Neckar and Steinach river. It has some important features such as, its historical context, so many significant historical buildings which are a tourist attraction and also view and adjacent to Neckar and Steinach river.This area also faces some challenges, for instance, lack of enough landscape democracy, lack of enough open spaces, facilities for children, and also this part does not have the suitable connection between nature and historical parts as well as accessibility to water bodies.
- The sustainable development goals 9,10,11,12 and 13 are relevant to the challenges we found for our study area.
- Infrastructure is important for us because we want to revitalize the open public spaces, have more accesiblilty as well as have more natural and sustainable protection from flooding, which we also relate to the climate action goal.
- Creating identity is the most important challenge here, with which, if succeed, we can achieve the goal of reduced inequalities and strengthen the diversity we have in this area.
- Awareness and educating people of sustainability are another important challenges we have been talking about from the beginning, with which we can achieve goals of sustainable cities & communities and responsible consumption & production.
The Actors in your Collaborative Evaluation
Reflection on the Online Seminar
- The teaching and learning technique aided us in gaining a comprehensive understanding of the current concerns and concretizing the issues. We learnt a variety of techniques for including the community and being extremely creative in our interventions, which allowed us to be more creative in our postcard intervention design process.
- It also encouraged us in reflecting on our approach and determining whether or not our method will perform as expected. We couldn't work in the same area at first, so everything took a lot longer and was less efficient. However, after working together for a few months on the design of our intervention, it was much simpler for us to talk about our ideas for the initial prototypes.
- As a result, things became more interactive again later on, and our project progressed well. The course stages assisted us in reflecting on our landscape democracy issue from the start and gradually delving deeper into the topic. The several phase assignments allowed us to reflect on the stage of the intervention we were in, to look back and evaluate what was excellent and what needed to be improved.
Reflection on the Living Lab Process
- The most significant outcomes were the results we obtained from various age groups, as well as the diversity of views. Citizens have utilized postcards to express not only positive ideas and inspiration but also their frustrations.
- We also had direct contact with the people; we spoke with them about our project when we handed the postcards. Because of the postcard intervention, they were able to participate effectively in our whole project design process. The intervention's participants saw some new ideas for how to transform certain troublesome locations into something useful. Giving residents a better chance to follow the review process is also a valuable lesson for us to learn.
- Using the learned possibilities as well as the insights gained through the postcard intervention in the future could be a beneficial experience. The final step is to gain additional experience so that you can apply it to yourself and rely on it. One of the most important things we learnt at the Led2Leap seminar was the importance of reflection throughout the whole process of identifying issues, as well as participatory intervention.
Your Living Lab Code of Conduct
- The most important values are a feeling of self, a sense of community, and street safety. Reflection is a crucial stage in any process for the top ground rules, as is testing ideas on friends and acquaintances before utilizing them. Because you are often confined in your own way of thinking and lose the broader picture, the ability to always seek input is crucial.
- To sum up, our key values and principles that have become indispensable throughout the intervention process are creating together, rethinking old values to integrate new, encouraging exchange, promoting diversity, designing for people, and sharing the power of design, so that everyone can participate in the design process and voice their opinions.
Consideration of the task and the team:
We had a lot of fun and learned a lot during our sessions. It was a fantastic opportunity to learn about the working methods and mindsets of people from all around the world. It's impressive to see the breadth of work addressing problems to landscape democracy. We loved getting a sense of what other projects were like. Not just seeing the outcomes, but also being a part of the process and receiving updates on the various projects' progress.
- What restrictions did we have to deal with? It was frequently difficult to comprehend the individuals. And it was difficult to connect with people since simply having a black or tiny image makes them unrecognizable. We learned to reinforce our ideals regarding resident engagement and integration. Because of the Corona-Situation, we had to go outside the box when it came to participation methods.
- What have we discovered? We learned to reinforce our ideals regarding resident engagement and integration. Because of the Corona-Situation, we had to go outside the box when it came to participation methods. We had to think of fresh ways and opportunities to communicate with the public, which proved to be pretty effective in the end. The outside perspective on our idea was appealing to us.
- What would we do differently if we could? It would have been a lot easier if the Corona background hadn't been present. we would feel that people were still concerned about the immediate contact with people. We believe that if we would have had more freedom to move and to talk to the locals this would be much more intensive and lead to a much more significant conversation and feedback.