LED2LEAP 2021 - Brazil Team

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Area HIDS
Place Barão Geraldo - Campinas
Country Brazil
Topics Landscape Democracy
Author(s) Haroldo Dias and Tiffany Liu

Anhumas.JPG

Landscape Democracy Rationale

Built upon the right of landscape, the notion of 'Landscape Democracy' has the goal to be inclusive by exploring its relationship with spatial justice.

It brings up discussions concerning democratic participation in landscape assessment, how urban spaces can become more inclusive towards a community?

Location and Scope

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Phase A: Mapping Your Community

Welcome to your community and its landscape

  • Located in the district of Barão Geraldo within the Campinas municipality, state of São Paulo, Brazil
  • Transitional location of the urban perimeter and rural areas
  • Large concentration of universities with a national scope
  • Latin America's first synchrotron light source in the area
  • Part of Campinas' rural heritage (coffee farms)


Groups of Actors and Stakeholders in Your Community

  • Key Actors: Local Residents, Universities, District Administration, Municipality, Landowners, Metropolitan Administration;
  • Primary Actors: Schools, Students, Community Leaders, Farmers;
  • Secondary Actors: Small businesses, Potential Tourists.

Currently the most visible actors are the university and the municipality in the planning process. There has been some discussions and activities with some key and primary actors, but due to the pandemic, it wasn't possible to actively engage the local citizens, former recorded city meetings and research papers were used in order to make assumptions about local perspectives.

Relationships Between Your Actors and Groups

  • Based on previous discussions, stronger and organized groups have had bigger influence in the project compared to smaller, local groups.
  • Groups have very different mindsets of how they envision the future of the area
  • Real state speculation has been pressuring new developments, largely consisted of gated communities with no ties with their surroundings


Summary of Your Learnings from the Transnational Discussion Panel

  • It was interesting to observe cultural uses of urban settings, meaning how different smaller communities have distinct ideations and uses of public spaces, which can sometimes lead to conflicts between groups. However, these spaces also have the potential of becoming places of connection and urban vitality - specially if there is community engagement in the planning process, as shown by the Zagreb team.

Theory Reflection

  • Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE) Space, UK (2010). Community green: using local spaces to tackle inequality and improve health

"‘ The principles of environmental justice are pretty simple. Living in a clean and healthy environment is everyone’s right. The most vulnerable people with the least power and money see these rights denied on a daily basis. For example, air pollution, the siting of hazardous installations, flooding, inadequate enforcement of environmental laws, bad urban planning; or simply not having any access to the natural environment’ Capacity Global" (p.6)

"Research by Ravenscroft and Markwell found public parks in Reading were more accessible to black and minority ethnic young people than other types of leisure facility but that accessibility is highly localised and unevenly distributed. Neighbourhood parks were perceived as being most important by study participants, but were also perceived to be more racially segregated."

"Methods of community engagement used by the projects included:

  • events and activities such as urban farming and competitions to draw in the local community
  • creative play and audio-visual methods to engage both the young and older people
  • revealing a ‘hidden story’ behind the landscape that resonates culturally or historically
  • community onsultation through events onsite, design workshops, discussion groups, or visits to quality green spaces.

Urban farming and food was a key method of engagement within the projects that were reviewed." (p.16)

References

  • Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE) Space, UK (2010). Community green: using local spaces to tackle inequality and improve health

Phase B: Democratic Landscape Analysis and Assessment

Tiffany Liu, Abhishek Vekariya and Ahmed Essounni Correspondence

Your Name and Partner's Name Correspondence

Phase C: Collaborative Visioning and Goal Setting

The Scene

The scene would be represented by the immediate perimetre of the proposed design area. A place meant to be inhabited by different uses and to act as a bonding place for all people.

The Actors

Considering the influence of the area within a metropolitan reach, the actors considered were: the universities in the area, the landowners, the local residents from Barão Geraldo District, research centers and the city hall.

The Story

Considering all of the complexities of the area, as well as its own name suggests, the International Hub for Sustainable Development has as its main objective to make sustainability feasible within the Brazilian urban context, where all SDGs are considered and applied to the design process in order to create human living spaces.

Reflect on Your Story of Visioning

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Phase D: Collaborative Design, Transformation and Planning

Prototyping Action

Explore online platforms as form of engagement with the community and stakeholders, through a main webpage, as well as Youtube and Instagram accounts. In order to enable the visibility of the urban design proposal to the public, a digital model will be created using ArcGIS softwares, such as ArcGIS Urban to establish construction parametres, and later on, building design explorations with CityEngine.

With the 3D virtual model completed, it will then be available to be viewed as a VR piece by individuals through making DIY VR glasses.

The Evolution of Your Prototyping Action

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The Plan Behind Your Prototyping Action

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The Realization of Your Prototyping Action

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Reflect on Your Prototyping Action

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Phase E: Collaborative Evaluation and Future Agendas

Collaborative Evaluation and Landscape Democracy Reflection

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The Actors in your Collaborative Evaluation

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Reflection on the Online Seminar

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Reflection on the Living Lab Process

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Your Living Lab Code of Conduct

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Process Reflection

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