Difference between revisions of "LED Online Seminar 2018 - Working Group 3"

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=== Step 5: Reflection ===
 
=== Step 5: Reflection ===
  
 +
'''The horizon of Landscape Design: Asif Adnan'''
  
 +
Designing Landscape is a broader term that encompasses all the aspects related to landscape. A landscape reflects the overall image of an area where it's physical state, the inhabitants, and their actions are equally crucial parts. Making it responsive, the inclusion of both the planners and users are important. In local scale, this process may include all the groups with the professionals. On a much broader scale, this process can be an outcome of cooperation and coordination of different nations. It is also related to heritage and in turn, reflects the culture which can be perceived at a human level through the eyes of the user or through a virtual screen.
  
 +
'''The Meaningful Landscape (Hamid Gohari)'''
 +
People are the main users of the public spaces and a successful public space is the result of the presence of all the social groups in society. In this regard, meaning as the most important aspect of public spaces and landscape is directly affected by them and Cultures, human behavior patterns, and mental image have formed this aspect of the public spaces. Therefore, Experts and professional sectors extremely need to consider them to have a positive effect on culture and make an imageable landscape for people.
  
 
=== Step 6: Revised manifestoes ===
 
=== Step 6: Revised manifestoes ===
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<gallery caption=" " widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
 
<gallery caption=" " widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
Image:Revised_manifest.jpg|Author's updated manifesto
+
Image:Revised meni.jpg|'''Asif Adnan'''
Image:Revised_manifest.jpg|Author's updated manifesto
+
Image:Revised manifesto-Hamid.jpg|'''Hamid Gohari'''
 
Image:Revised_manifest.jpg|Author's updated manifesto
 
Image:Revised_manifest.jpg|Author's updated manifesto
 
Image:Revised_manifest.jpg|Author's updated manifesto
 
Image:Revised_manifest.jpg|Author's updated manifesto
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</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
=== Landscape Symbols Author 2: ... ===
+
=== Landscape Symbols Author 2: Hamid Gohari===
 
<gallery caption=" " widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
 
<gallery caption=" " widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
 
Image:Vakil Abad Blvd.jpg|There was an old natural garden in the middle of Vakil Abad Boulevard, and it was used as the main recreation area by people, which always called the heart of the city. In the last ten years, the government had destroyed the middle garden of the boulevard and built a metro line instead.Thesedays, people know the Metro project as a symbol of the social and economic failure for the government. They also try to preserve the former meaning of the street by naming the metro line as the Metro-Garden of Vakil Abad Boulevard.  
 
Image:Vakil Abad Blvd.jpg|There was an old natural garden in the middle of Vakil Abad Boulevard, and it was used as the main recreation area by people, which always called the heart of the city. In the last ten years, the government had destroyed the middle garden of the boulevard and built a metro line instead.Thesedays, people know the Metro project as a symbol of the social and economic failure for the government. They also try to preserve the former meaning of the street by naming the metro line as the Metro-Garden of Vakil Abad Boulevard.  
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*You can read more details about this assignment [[Assignment_4:_Your_Landscape_Democracy_Challenge_(2018)|here]]
 
*You can read more details about this assignment [[Assignment_4:_Your_Landscape_Democracy_Challenge_(2018)|here]]
 
*Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment
 
*Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment
 +
*Each Landscape Democracy Challenge should be linked to two or three of [https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/ UN's 17 sustainable development Goals]
  
 
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 1: Asif Adnan ===
 
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 1: Asif Adnan ===
<gallery caption="Give a title to your challenge" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
+
<gallery caption="Effective or not: Flyovers in Chittagong, Bangladesh" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="7">
Image:yourname_challenge_1.jpg|caption: why did you select this case?
+
Image:LED Assignment 4 Asif Adnan.jpg|'''Reason:''' Solving traffic congestion in Chittagong district flyover projects are done. This type of project was also not a part for the DAP of Ctg. Despite the criticism by the Forum for Planned Chittagong (FPC) regarding the "effectiveness" of the constructed flyovers, constructions are still ongoing. This affects the surrounding landscape and generated the concern among people weather these flyovers are necessary or not. To see how these projects affect the landscape as well as people on a various scale (social, economic and other) this issue is taken into account.
Image:yourname_challenge_2.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (1)
+
Image:LED Assignment 4 AsifAdnan.jpg|'''Feasibility Issues:''' In some cases, Flyovers are done on the roads which are not suitable for them. From the analysis, it is observed that some of the flyovers failed to achieve their initial goal. An example can be seen as the Bahaddarhat MA Mannan Flyover in Chittagong city which remains mostly idle as locals refrain from using it due to unplanned design, whereas hundreds of vehicles ply the adjacent road. Due to its linear design, it lacked the vision for the neighborhood adding more traffic congestion in that area as it works as a physical barrier in the small roads of that region and poses a new challenge over a problem for the community.
Image:yourname_challenge_3.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (2)
+
Image:LED Assignment 4 Asif Adnan .jpg|'''Economic and Social Issues:''' More than 3500 crores Tk is spent to build these flyovers and expressways which is a great loss of resources according to the architects, urban planners, and the professionals. Authorities claim people are being benefited, but residents, town planners, and transport unions say flyovers bring no effective results in mitigating traffic congestion.
Image:yourname_challenge_4.jpg|caption: who are the actors?
+
Image:LED assignment 4 Asif Adnan.jpg|'''Actors:''' Chittagong Port Authority( CPA) and Chittagong Development Authority (CDA) are working as the main actors behind the construction of these flyovers and opposing this there are residents, urban dwellers, Transport unions and the Forum for planned Chittagong (FPC) which is a platform of Architects, Urban planners, and the professionals.
 +
Image:E SDG-goals Goal-11.png|'''Goal 11: Making cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable'''This challenge is directly linked to UN's sustainable development goal no 11 as it aims to make a city safe and sustainable for the citizens and inhabitants.
 +
Image:E SDG-goals Goal-09.png|'''Goal 9: Building resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation''' This challenge is also directly linked to UN's sustainable development goal no 9 as this aims to build infrastructures that are resilient and promotes innovation in the field of  transport, irrigation, energy and information and communication technology.
 +
Image:E SDG-goals Goal-12.png|'''Goal 12: Ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns''' This challenge is also linked with UN's sustainable goal no 12 as it focuses on promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services.
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 
'''Your references:'''
 
'''Your references:'''
*...
+
* The Daily Star/Article: Necessity of Ctg city flyovers in question
*...
+
* Bangladesh: Road Maintenance and Improvement Project
  
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 2 ===
+
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 2 - Hamid Gohari ===
<gallery caption="Give a title to your challenge" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
+
<gallery caption="'''Whose housing? (Mehr Housing Projects - Iran)'''" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="7">
Image:yourname_challenge_1.jpg|caption: why did you select this case?
+
Image:Mehr1.jpeg|'''Why this project?''' Mehr housing is a government project for low-income people which started in 2007. To avoid rising land prices and provide housing for low-income citizens, the government decided to build about 1,500,000 affordable residential units in lease lands in urban areas.  After about 11 years of the project, many problems have appeared, especially in spatial and social aspects, which make it one the worst national projects in the century. This project not only has not achieved its main goals, also make some serious conflicts between society and government.
Image:yourname_challenge_2.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (1)
+
Image:Mehr4.jpeg|'''Safety (Issue1):''' One the most important issues is the "safety and build quality" in the projects. Many of these homes were produced cheaply in huge quantities without serious attention being paid to build quality, safety standards and proper seismic design. The reality is that this scheme was a major drainage of public funds into the pockets of government cronies. Little-to-no concern was paid to quality of the build and to the fate of the people who were to use the houses. (The figure compares Mehr housing and private housing conditions after the earthquake).
Image:yourname_challenge_3.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (2)
+
Image:Mehr3.jpeg|'''Cultural issues(Issue2):''' Considering cultural conditions and different tastes of applicants are of the important factors of housing projects which had not seen in Mehr Housing Project. On the other hand, Housing needs should be planned by studying the cultural context of each area. Many people are not interested in apartment life, especially in small cities. They prefer to live in single houses which have more privacy than the apartments with more public and semi-public spaces. For that reason, after over 10 years, many units have been remained vacant. (The figure shows the current situation of the most of projects).
Image:yourname_challenge_4.jpg|caption: who are the actors?
+
Image:Actorsh.jpg|'''Actors:''' The government has known as the main actor of the project, which hired and supervised, from planning and designing phase to the implementation phase, semi-private and private sectors.
 +
Image:Goal10.png|'''Preparing safe, liveable and affordable housing.'''
 +
Image:Goal11.png|'''Planning and design according to the socio-spatial context.'''
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 
'''Your references:'''
 
'''Your references:'''
*...
+
*Bazargan, M.( 2015) Assessment of Mehr Housing Project as an Example of Housing for Low-Income People in Iran, IOSR, PP 70-74
*...
+
*https://www.theguardian.com/world/iran-blog/2014/jan/30/irans-economy-struggles-to-support-ahmadinejads-ill-conceived-housing-vision
  
 
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 3 ===
 
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 3 ===
<gallery caption="Give a title to your challenge" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
+
<gallery caption="Give a title to your challenge" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="7">
 
Image:yourname_challenge_1.jpg|caption: why did you select this case?
 
Image:yourname_challenge_1.jpg|caption: why did you select this case?
 
Image:yourname_challenge_2.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (1)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_2.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (1)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_3.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (2)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_3.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (2)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_4.jpg|caption: who are the actors?
 
Image:yourname_challenge_4.jpg|caption: who are the actors?
 +
Image:yourname_challenge_5.jpg|caption: UN's Sustainable Development Goal?
 +
Image:yourname_challenge_6.jpg|caption: UN's Sustainable Development Goal?
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 
'''Your references:'''
 
'''Your references:'''
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=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 4 ===
 
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 4 ===
<gallery caption="Give a title to your challenge" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
+
<gallery caption="Give a title to your challenge" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="7">
 
Image:yourname_challenge_1.jpg|caption: why did you select this case?
 
Image:yourname_challenge_1.jpg|caption: why did you select this case?
 
Image:yourname_challenge_2.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (1)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_2.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (1)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_3.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (2)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_3.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (2)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_4.jpg|caption: who are the actors?
 
Image:yourname_challenge_4.jpg|caption: who are the actors?
 +
Image:yourname_challenge_5.jpg|caption: UN's Sustainable Development Goal?
 +
Image:yourname_challenge_6.jpg|caption: UN's Sustainable Development Goal?
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 
'''Your references:'''
 
'''Your references:'''
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=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 5 ===
 
=== Landscape Democracy Challenge 5 ===
<gallery caption="Give a title to your challenge" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="5">
+
<gallery caption="Give a title to your challenge" widths="150px" heights="150px" perrow="7">
 
Image:yourname_challenge_1.jpg|caption: why did you select this case?
 
Image:yourname_challenge_1.jpg|caption: why did you select this case?
 
Image:yourname_challenge_2.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (1)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_2.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (1)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_3.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (2)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_3.jpg|caption: what is the issue/conflict (2)
 
Image:yourname_challenge_4.jpg|caption: who are the actors?
 
Image:yourname_challenge_4.jpg|caption: who are the actors?
 +
Image:yourname_challenge_5.jpg|caption: UN's Sustainable Development Goal?
 +
Image:yourname_challenge_6.jpg|caption: UN's Sustainable Development Goal?
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 
'''Your references:'''
 
'''Your references:'''
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<gallery caption="Add Title" widths="600px" heights="300px" perrow="1">
 
<gallery caption="Add Title" widths="600px" heights="300px" perrow="1">
Image:Your_Democratic_Change_Process_Slide1.jpg|caption: ...
+
Image:S1.jpg|Fig 1:'''Project Review'''
Image:Your_Democratic_Change_Process_Slide2.jpg|caption: ...
+
Image:S3.jpg|Fig 2:'''Stakeholders'''
Image:Your_Democratic_Change_Process_Slide3.jpg|caption: ...
+
Image:S4.jpg|Fig 3: '''Power Map'''
Image:Your_Democratic_Change_Process_Slide4.jpg|caption: ...
+
Image:S5.jpg|Fig 4: '''Change Process'''
 +
Image:S6.jpg|Fig 5: '''Change Program'''
 +
Image:S7.jpg|Fig 5: '''Main Findings'''
 +
Image:S8.jpg|Fig 5: '''Reflections'''
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 
=== Reflection ===
 
=== Reflection ===
* ....
+
*  
 
* ....
 
* ....
 
* ....  
 
* ....  
  
Conclusion:
+
=== Conclusion ===
* ....
+
* For big scale govt. projects, cultural aspects & the demands of the people should be taken into account,
* ....
+
* For experts in the field, spending more time in problem-solving and with the people may lead to a plausible solution.
* ....
+
* Representative democracy should be avoided, transparency should be included.
  
 
=== Your references ===
 
=== Your references ===
* ...
+
* Community Planning handbook
 
* ...
 
* ...
 
* ...
 
* ...

Latest revision as of 15:03, 1 July 2018

--> Back to working group overview

Dear working group members. This is your group page and you will be completing the template gradually as we move through the seminar. Good luck and enjoy your collaboration!

Assignment 1 - Reading and Synthesizing Core Terminology

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Readings are accessible via the resources page

Step 1: Your Landscape Democracy Manifestoes

Step 2: Define your readings

  • Please add your readings selection for the terminology exercise before April 18:

A: Landscape and Democracy


The Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Sirine Jebali)

The European Landscape Convention (Hamid Gohari)

Lynch, Kevin. (1960): The Image of the City (Asif Adnan)

B: Concepts of Participation

Sanoff, Henry (2014): Multiple Views of Participatory Design, Focus (Hamid Gohari)

Day, Christopher (2002): Consensus Design (Asif Adnan)

C: Community and Identity


Hester, Randolph (2006): Design for Ecological Democracy, The MIT Press (Sirine Jebali)

Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes, In: Topos, No. 88, 2014.(Hamid Gohari)

Nassauer, Joan Iverson (1995): Culture and Changing Landscape Structure, Landscape Ecology, vol. 10 no. 4.(Asif Adnan)


D: Designing


Hester, Randolph: Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Sustainable Happiness (Sirine Jebali)


E: Communicating a Vision

Steps 3 and 4: Concepts Selection and definition

  • Each group member selects three relevant concepts derived from his/her readings and synthesize them/publish them on the wiki by May 9, 2018
  • Group members reflect within their groups and define their chosen concepts into a shared definition to be posted on the wiki by June 6, 2018.
  • Other group members will be able to comment on the definitions until June 12, 2018
  • Each group will also report on their process to come to a set of shared definitions of key landscape democracy concepts on the wiki documentation until June 20, 2018

Concepts and definitions

Author 1: Asif Adnan

  • Imageability: Urban space is not just composed of its physical characteristics but equally by representations in mental images. People and their activities are as important as the static physical parts of a city thus creating its imageability. (The Image of the City: Kevin Lynch)
  • Combining users and Professionals to get the whole picture: Users see the near picture of a place through their day to day life experience while avoiding the overview whereas, for the professionals, it works in the other way around. Combining these two classes, this leads to a consensus design approach which can bring a positive change in both materialistic and spiritual aspect of a place. (Consensus Design: Christopher Day)
  • Cultural principle through experimenting landscape at human scale: Culture and landscape are internally connected. Studying landscape at a human scale leads to the exploration of deeper cultural principles which is essential for a greater perception of nature. (Culture and changing landscape structure: Joan Iverson Nassauer)


Author 2: Hamid Gohari

  • A framework for safeguarding landscape in Europe: Protecting landscape as a common heritage and wishing enjoyable public landscape would achieve through close cooperation among the European countries. (The European Landscape Convention).
  • Local Participatory, socio-spatial capital: Preparing a participatory at the local level would increase the level of social capital and also assure the responsive projects (Sanoff, Henry (2014): Multiple Views of Participatory Design).
  • Cinematoscape, basic principles of film story: The landscape of a film, which known as the setting, should have all elements that help to narrate the film story. In the other words, all the formal, functional, and meaning of the real (or fiction) landscape must be present in the film – which makes a film impressive one (Welk Von Mossner, Alexa (2014): Cinematic Landscapes, In: Topos, No. 88, 2014).

Author 3: ...

  • ......
  • .......
  • .......

Author 4: ...

  • ......
  • .......
  • .......

Step 5: Reflection

The horizon of Landscape Design: Asif Adnan

Designing Landscape is a broader term that encompasses all the aspects related to landscape. A landscape reflects the overall image of an area where it's physical state, the inhabitants, and their actions are equally crucial parts. Making it responsive, the inclusion of both the planners and users are important. In local scale, this process may include all the groups with the professionals. On a much broader scale, this process can be an outcome of cooperation and coordination of different nations. It is also related to heritage and in turn, reflects the culture which can be perceived at a human level through the eyes of the user or through a virtual screen.

The Meaningful Landscape (Hamid Gohari) People are the main users of the public spaces and a successful public space is the result of the presence of all the social groups in society. In this regard, meaning as the most important aspect of public spaces and landscape is directly affected by them and Cultures, human behavior patterns, and mental image have formed this aspect of the public spaces. Therefore, Experts and professional sectors extremely need to consider them to have a positive effect on culture and make an imageable landscape for people.

Step 6: Revised manifestoes

  • please look again at your initial manifestoes and update them with any new aspects/prespectives you have taken up during this seminar

Assignment 2 - Your Landscape Symbols

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Landscape Symbols Author 1: Asif Adnan

Landscape Symbols Author 2: Hamid Gohari

Landscape Symbols Auther 3: ...

Landscape Symbols Author 4: Sirine Jebali

Landscape Symbols Author 5: Luis Solano

Assignment 3 - Role Play on Landscape Democracy "movers and shakers"

  • You can read more details about this assignment here

Assignment 4 - Your Landscape Democracy Challenge

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • Each group member will specify a landscape democracy challenge in his/her environment
  • Each Landscape Democracy Challenge should be linked to two or three of UN's 17 sustainable development Goals

Landscape Democracy Challenge 1: Asif Adnan

Your references:

  • The Daily Star/Article: Necessity of Ctg city flyovers in question
  • Bangladesh: Road Maintenance and Improvement Project

Landscape Democracy Challenge 2 - Hamid Gohari

Your references:

Landscape Democracy Challenge 3

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Landscape Democracy Challenge 4

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Landscape Democracy Challenge 5

Your references:

  • ...
  • ...

Assignment 5 - Your Democratic Change Process

  • You can read more details about this assignment here
  • After documenting and reflecting on your challenges you will continue jointly with one of these challenges and design a democratic change process

Your Democratic Change Process

Reflection

  • ....
  • ....

Conclusion

  • For big scale govt. projects, cultural aspects & the demands of the people should be taken into account,
  • For experts in the field, spending more time in problem-solving and with the people may lead to a plausible solution.
  • Representative democracy should be avoided, transparency should be included.

Your references

  • Community Planning handbook
  • ...
  • ...