Freising-Moosach Landscape Democracy 2022 Team 5

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Area Freising
Place Freising
Country Germany
Topics Group 5
Author(s) Sahar Esmaeilian, Louisa Schleicher, Pasu Vascharaprakarn, Niusha Vedadi Moghadam
KeyImage Placeholder.png

Landscape Democracy Rationale

' As it is obvious landscape architecture is a process which involves with a range of disciplinary tasks to create a place to response the users need. On the other hand landscape belongs not only to human but also to all creature live in ecological context. Landscape architecture should consider its stakeholders in any procedure of design and planning due to democratic places have the capacity to create justice, equity, user friendly places for present and future needs and that can be achieved by means of democratic instruments.

Location and Scope

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Community map

Freising is one of t the oldest town located in Upper Bavaria 40 kilometres north-east of Munich, just beside Munich Airport, on the Isar and Moosach river. There are two hills, the cathedral hill with the bishop's castle and Freising cathedral, and Weihenstephan Hill, the oldest working brewery in the world.


• Freising is 448 meters above the sea level.

• The old town and historic city

• Two rivers Isar, Moosach

• Mainly arable land, moorlands and forests

• Plain with hills in north(Domberg and Weihenstephan Berg)

• Industrial and Agricultural land use

• Green slopes

Socio- Economical

• 48.000 Habitants

• Target of International students(TUM and Hochschule Weihenstephan-Triesdorf)

• City is determined by young community

• Many Investors and developers

• Farmer community

• Place of selling farmland product in Saturday market

• The prosperity of Freising became inextricably linked with the rise of Munich, with many residents working in positions linked to the Bavarian capital.

• Strong economy(mainly trade, traffic and services, farmers)

• Diverse ethnicity( original culture and migrants)

spatial and socio economic character

Groups of Actors and Stakeholders in Your Community

According to landscape architecture there are some needs the different groups share and some are more specific. In general, space for living, meeting and events, have neighborhood, or as creatures shelter should be considered. Furthermore there are groups in stakeholders which have specific needs as some people have properties near the river or local business which needs access from river to continue the economic life. Families and the kindergarten need leisure zone. Elders need leisure and also quite space to mix with nature. In particular also disabled people must be considered as an important group which needs social life.

Institutes: Munich airport, TUM, HSWT, schools, Hospitals

Government: Mayor, legislators, City Council

Financial Parts : banks, Investors, Construction Companies

Expert Authorities: Landscape Architects, Architects, Engineering Firms, Urban designers and urban planners

NGO: Social Activists, Environmental activists

Creatures: Birds, Animals, Trees, Fish

Economic Enterprise: Landlords, Hotel Owners, Farmers, Café and Restaurant Owners, transportation and mobility, Energy production, local business owners

Social Groups; Disable people, Elderlies, Residents, children, tourists, people who live in Munich but come to Freising as visitors

The power status of groups are kind of complicated. Some actor groups are more visible and some are less but it doesn’t mean that all visible actors have same needs and same power to be heard. For example the institutes as Munich airport or universities have power and properties in city but they are not really visible .

Group of actors and stakeholders their visibility and power

Relationships Between Your Actors and Groups

Some stakeholders even from different groups bring with common needs but some other need are in a conflict with other stakeholders. During this process while each group thinks about its profit, landscape architects must consider all, special creatures and natural context as guarantee the life cycle of that place. Landscape architects through using democratic means can be responsible to stakeholder needs.

For example some groups of stakeholders in freising should be considered in different way. As Saturdays for group of people who live in Freising is different and this day has more active stakeholders as farmers, tourists and residents who come to market to buy fresh agricultural product.

Most member of social group as elders, children, habitants and disable people shares a same interests with each other as identity, place to live, place to spend time also tourists and social activists as a member of NGO have the same situation.

Some other stakeholders as landowners, local business, and hotel and restaurant owners have the same needs as financial investors which integrated with money earning, financial stability and they want to be in power and increase their fund and resources.

Another relation between actors group is considered as conflict which defined as interest or profit of a group is not in same direction with other groups. As tourists interest can hurt creatures’ natural habitat by over using the place and also transportation and mobility make advantages by developing routes and more clients while this process would bring extra pressure to the landscape and other stakeholders.

The other part of the discussion refers to relationship between experts and decision makers with participants which can be fully, regulated or fake relationship. Each partipants and actors can participate in all or any procedure fully or partly.

The tools that decision makers use in participation is considered as workshop, questionnaire and interview, contact by communities, school and university workshop, brochures and asking about cognitive an perception map of city from residents

This picture illustrate how effective each stakeholders is and what is their needs and material
Relationship between actors and stakeholders could be in different ways as, share common interest , be in conflict and neutral

Summary of Your Learnings from the Transnational Discussion Panel

Landscape is socio economic unit which shape by the interaction of natural and human factors in regard to this definition Landscape democracy is a multidisciplinary subject which can be reached its goals according to the duty of each discipline. The most important part of this profession refers to bring the stakeholders to the process of design and planning as participation to create a responsible environment which can answer their needs. As we must consider each stakeholder belong to the socio economic group which has its own party and power while some stakeholders are so important and have no voice or power.

During this course we gain good experiences in the meaning and usage of landscape democracy, storytelling and participation. Also this seminar brings opportunity to see different approaches and actions toward this concept in different countries which demonstrate concept landscape democracy can be varied in different culture and context

There is a situation which called fake participation in which experts or decision makers give 2 or 3 options to participators and they only can choose between those, but in reality it is obvious they are not actively involved in decision making process .

Theory Reflection

Participation can be shaped directly based on function of science in society. Science can play effective role in learning society where societal actors are integrated in research process and knowledge production. Balancing Power also is one of the most important subject which should be considered as an inherently political issue which involved with power struggles and social equity. By increasing reflexivity, facilitating participation and the search for innovative solutions, science can help re-balance power in society

The meaning of “land quality objectives” which offered by European Landscape Convention refers to the specific landscape with all its features and surroundings is not preserved just by experts but also it considered as a policy area with its own right.

In recent years landscape is going to change rapidly as man-made process, while natural process continues more slowly at same time. These changes should be conducted in the way that guarantee social wellbeing and quality of place during this process the active residential participation is fundamental to introduce local needs and interests. Also when we are talking about landscape and its features both rural and urban landscape must be considered. But taking action about each of them can be different.

Landscape experience could be done through identify the physical and features of landscape which is used a subjective pattern to focus on landscape. But another approach exists which discus through both physical and social characteristic of landscape which allocate more focus on observer and see the landscape and its user in social and cultural back ground.


Landscape Convention Contribution to human rights, democracy and sustainable development (Council of Europe, 2018)

Kühne, Bruns et al: Landscape Culture - Culturing Landscapes

Phase B: Democratic Landscape Analysis and Assessment

Your Name and title of your personal analysis

Your Name and title of your personal analysis

Your Name and title of your personal analysis

Your Name and title of your personal analysis

Your Name and title of your personal analysis

Phase C: Collaborative Visioning and Goal Setting

The Scene in Your Story of Visioning

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The Actors in Your Story of Visioning

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The Story of Visioning

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Reflect on Your Story of Visioning

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Phase D: Collaborative Design, Transformation and Planning

Your Prototyping Action

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The Evolution of Your Prototyping Action

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The Plan Behind Your Prototyping Action

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The Realization of Your Prototyping Action

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Reflect on Your Prototyping Action

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Phase E: Collaborative Evaluation and Future Agendas

Collaborative Evaluation and Landscape Democracy Reflection

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The Actors in your Collaborative Evaluation

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Reflection on the Online Seminar

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Reflection on your Living Lab Process

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Your Living Lab Code of Conduct

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Process Reflection

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